CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2024-25

Social Science is a compulsory subject for the students of CBSE class 10th. It is a high-scoring subject in which the students can score excellent marks if they study with a proper strategy. It is very difficult to make an effective strategy for exam preparation without knowing the CBSE Class 10 Social Science syllabus 2024-25.

The Social science syllabus consists of all the chapters and topics that a student has to cover in order to clear the class 10th board exam. As per the new announcement by the CBSE, the syllabus has been published for class 10 single term exam 2024. The detailed syllabus of Class 10 Social Science 2024-25 is provided in this article.

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2024-25 (Periods and Marks)

UnitsNumber of PeriodsMaximum Marks
India and the Contemporary World II6020
Contemporary India – II5520
Democratic Politics – II5020
Understanding Economic Development 5020
Total215 periods80 marks

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2024

Unit 1: India and the Contemporary World – II

Section 1: Events and Processes:

1. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

  • The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Age of Revolutions: 18301848
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Visualizing the Nation
  • Nationalism and Imperialism

2. Nationalism in India:

  • The First World War, Khilafat and Non Cooperation
  • Differing Strands within the Movement
  • Towards Civil Disobedience
  • The Sense of Collective Belonging

Section 2: Livelihoods, Economies and Societies:

3. The Making of a Global World:

  • The Premodern world
  • The Nineteenth Century (18151914)
  • The Inter war Economy
  • Rebuilding a World Economy: The PostWar Era

4. The Age of Industrialization:

  • Before the Industrial Revolution
  • Hand Labour and Steam Power
  • Industrialization in the Colonies
  • Factories Come Up
  • The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth
  • Market for Goods

Section 3: Everyday Life, Culture and Politics:

5. Print Culture and the Modern World:

  • The First Printed Books
  • Print Comes to Europe
  • The Print Revolution and its Impact
  • The Reading Mania
  • The Nineteenth Century
  • India and the World of Print
  • Religious Reform and Public Debates
  • New Forms of Publication
  • Print and Censorship

Unit 2: Contemporary India – II

1. Resources and Development:

  • Concept
  • Development of Resources
  • Resource Planning – Resource Planning in India, Conservation of Resources
  • Land Resources
  • Land Utilization
  • Land Use Pattern in India
  • Land Degradation and Conservation Measures
  • Soil as a Resource – Classification of Soils, Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation (excluding Box Information on State of India’s Environment)

2. Forest and Wildlife

  • Conservation of forest and wildlife in India
  • Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources
  • Community and Conservation

3. Water Resources:

  • Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management
  • Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources
  • Rainwater Harvesting

4. Agriculture:

  • Types of Farming – Primitive Subsistence, Intensive Subsistence, Commercial
  • Cropping Pattern – Major Crops, Food Crops other than Grains, Non Food Crops, Technological and Institutional Reforms
  • Food Security (excluding impact of globalization on agriculture)

5. Minerals and Energy Resources

  • What is a mineral?
  • Mode of occurrence of Minerals – Where are these minerals found?, Ferrous
    Minerals, Non-Ferrous Minerals, Non- Metallic Minerals, Rock Minerals
  • Conservation of Minerals
  • Energy Resources – Conventional Sources of Energy, Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
  • Conservation of Energy Resources

6. Manufacturing Industries:

Importance of Manufacturing – Industrial Location (excluding Industry Market
Linkage), Agro based Industry (excluding Cotton Textiles, Jute Textiles, Sugar Industry), Mineral based Industries (excluding Iron Steel Industry, Cement Industry), Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation, Control of Environmental Degradation

7. Life Lines of National Economy:

  • Roadways
  • Railways
  • Pipelines
  • Waterways
  • Major Seaports
  • Airways
  • Communication
  • International Trade
  • Tourism as a Trade

Unit 3: Democratic Politics – II

1. Power Sharing:

  • Belgium and Sri Lanka
  • Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka
  • Accommodation in Belgium
  • Why power sharing is desirable?
  • Forms of Power Sharing

2. Federalism:

  • What is Federalism?
  • What make India a Federal Country?
  • How is Federalism practiced?
  • Decentralization in India

4. Gender, Religion and Caste:

  • Gender and Politics – Public/Private division, Women’s political representation
  • Religion, Communalism and Politics – Communalism, Secular State (excluding image on page 46, 48, 49 of NCERT Textbook – Democratic Politics –II
    – reprinted edition 2021)
  • Caste and Politics – Caste inequalities, Caste in politics, Politics in caste

6. Political Parties:

  • Why do we need Political Parties? – Meaning, Functions, Necessity
  • How many parties should we have?
  • National Parties
  • State Parties
  • Challenges to Political Parties
  • How can Parties be reformed?

7. Outcomes of Democracy:

  • How do we assess democracy’s
  • Accountable, responsive and
    legitimate government
  • Economic growth and development
  • Reduction of inequality and poverty
  • Accommodation of social diversity
  • Dignity and freedom of the citizens

Unit 4: Understanding Economic Development

1. Development:

  • What Development Promises – Different People, Different Goals
  • Income and Other Goals
  • National Development
  • How to compare different countries or states?
  • Income and other criteria
  • Public Facilities
  • Sustainability of Development

2. Sectors of the Indian Economy:

  • Sectors of Economic Activities
  • Comparing the three sectors
  • Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India
  • Division of sectors as organized and unorganized
  • Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

3. Money and Credit:

  • Money as a medium of exchange
  • Modern forms of Money
  • Loan activities of Banks
  • Two different Credit situations
  • Terms of Credit
  • Formal Sector Credit in India
  • Self Help Groups for the Poor

4. Globalization and the Indian Economy:

  • Production across countries
  • Interlinking production across countries
  • Foreign Trade and integration of markets
  • What is Globalization?
  • Factors that have enabled Globalization
  • World Trade Organization
  • Impact of Globalization in India
  • The Struggle for a fair Globalization

5. Consumer Rights: Should be used only for Project Work


1. India and the Contemporary World-II (History) – Published by NCERT

2. Contemporary India II (Geography) – Published by NCERT

3. Democratic Politics II (Political Science) – Published by NCERT

4. Understanding Economic Development – Published by NCERT

5. Together Towards a Safer India – Part III, a textbook on Disaster Management – Published by CBSE

CBSE Class 10th Social Science New Syllabus 2024: Download PDF

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus

51 thoughts on “CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2024-25”


  2. Please reduce the syllabus of ssc because we are not going to give only ssc exam there are other subjects also…it gives a lot of pressure to a student.. please this is a humble request to the cbse board ti reduce the ssc syllabus 🙏

  3. this is so vast syallabus and I exact dont know how to cover and study the social science , requesting to reduce some chapters of history and geography as it can

    • First thing, Social is not a boring subject, every person has his own view about everything. Social Science is an important subject required in every competitive examination across the country. For some people Maths is a boring subject,and for another science, so it depends on the person. No subject is boring, everything has its own value.

      • Absolutely right ma’am.
        It becomes a mindset of some people that sst is not a important subject so no need to focus on it. I want to request cbse to add Indian history in syllabus to awarethe the students about out our country

  4. Hi Board Members,
    This is me, a student who is going to appear board exam in 2023. Hope u r doing well. I really want you’ll to know how much we r suffering because of you people. Pls reduce the portions of social science.

    Dear God,
    Pls bless those people with understanding and also give them wisdom so that they may see how much stress and suffering our batch (2022-23) are going through. Pls guide them and help them to make right choice. Pls help them to reduce the portions of social science so that we students can learn without any pressure and score good marks in board exam. We ask in your name. Amen!

    • Hello everybody I am also appearing for board examinations in 2023 . I request to CBSE to reduce the syllabus of social science as it contains 21 please reduce 5 to 9 chapters .😭😭😭

    • Yes you are absolutely right. But one student (of same class) can only understand the problem of other.

      1) This is the last year of class 10 boards. After this Class 10 boards will not be conducted. So they are thinking to give more and more pressure because this is their last opportunity to pressurise students.

      2) Due to online classes SST syllabus was reduced to a vast extent. So they thought to give more syllabus. Because they cannot see children happy.

  5. I would request you to reduce the portions only for social science. First of all, social is really boring subject and then the increase of portions is too much, mainly history… It’s really bad….. In 2019, those batch of students just had 3 lessons from history and so it wasn’t that pressure, like how we r facing. You didn’t give them much pressure before the pandemic then why would you give us… Pls reduce the portions… Just mainly for social only….. I humbly request you. Our marks are really depending on you… IF u reduce, then we might not have much pressure…. we can manage to learn and score marks easily…. I hope and pray that God may bless you wisdom and understanding which you really need to understand how much we are going through and also have mercy on us all…

  6. Dear Board Members
    Kindly reduce class 9 and 10 Social syllabus, especially from Geography and History
    Students are so stressed after seeing the syllabus

    • Please remove some chapters. it’s a humble request not only from my . It is from all the students who are going to give board this year.

  7. Please reduce some syllabus from social science it just hard for students to read/understand and learn all 21 chapters. So kindly please reduce some syllabus 🙏🏻

  8. Can you tell me social science all subject . means geography, civics, history, economics..marks of each lesson in these subjects .

  9. Thats very bad its the first time that the cbse give to much syallabs in all subjects 😭😭😭😭

    • Don’t worry bro just read whole time remain and continue your strategy because not much difficult question paper and a suggestion for you read only latest prescribed NCERT book and at last time just before exam maximum 5 sample papers try to understand and write as well as most prefer CBSE sample paper. I hope you will be achieve great marks in your board exam.

  10. Hello CBSE Board
    I’m requesting you to reduce the syllabus of history because there are toooooooo much chapters to remember and even I am feeling stressed and my friends also.

  11. Kindly reduce the syllabus of class 10 sst specially History.In previous IX class they learned only 3 ch of History.

  12. Here, I m requesting to the BOARD to reduce some chapters from social science.
    All the subjects syllabus are well except this one.
    So this is my humble request to the BOARD reduce some chapters from this…!💔

  13. After two years of pandemic it’s very difficult for kids to come back to normal routine…cbse should reconsider the syllabus…it will only give stress and will effect other subjects too…even before pandemic the syllabus was not so lengthy

    • That’s very true. Cbse should reconsider it as healing from the covid it will be unjustified to increase the syllabus.

  14. The syllabus of 10th class is very lengthy and it should be reduced it would also be very difficult to give exams and this would lead a great stress on students

  15. Syllabus of class 10 2022-23 of social science is like a pressure and burden on teachers as well as students.
    This syllabus is so lengthy even all students of class 10 are not able to know the basic of S St due to corona pandemic in class 8.
    According to me ,CBSE must have to reduce some portion from social science this year.

    • Yes , I agree with you ….
      CBSE would hav to reduce few portion especially from history. Chapters in history are very vast and also lengthy…

  16. i am not able to believe how the person couldnot realise the pressure and stress on students and teacher and parents. its not late ,the Board must rectify the the decision.


  18. Thanks for the syllabus. Really it is very difficult to study all the four units for the students. Seeing the syllabus 10th std children hate Social science. I kindly request please reduce the syllabus.

  19. Thanks for the syllabus but don’t you think it’s more like pressurizing the students which would eventually lead them to anxiety, stress, and depression affecting their studies.


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