List of National Animals by Countries

A national animal is that animal selected by a country to serve as a symbol of their country. Most of the countries select national animals in such a way that it reflects their culture. Many countries also have multiple national animals. In simple words, we can say that a national animal is the most important animal of a country that represents its culture and heritage.

In many competitive exams, GK questions regarding the national animals of different countries are often asked. In this post, we are going to proving you with a list of national animals from various countries.

List of National Animals of Countries Around the World

Let’s check below national animals of countries in the world.

National Animal of China – Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned crane

China is a country that has multiple national animals i.e. Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned. Out of the three national animals, Chinese Dragon is the mythical one as such an animal doesn’t really exist.

India – Royal Bengal tiger

The national animal of India is the Royal Bengal tiger. The scientific name of this animal is “Panthera tigris”. A lot of programs are going on in the country to boost up the number of Royal Bengal tiger in India. The programs seem to work because currently there are more than 2000 tigers in India.

United States – Bald eagle and American Bison

The United States of America has a different national bird and a different national mammal. The national bird of the USA is Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus Leucocephalus) and the national mammal of the USA is American Bison (Bison Bison).

Australia – Red Kangaroo

The Red kangaroo is the national animal of Australia. This is the largest species of kangaroos. They are mainly found across mainland Australia, except for some areas like Western Australia. They are also the largest terrestrial mammal native to Australia.

Bangladesh – Bengal Tiger

The Bengal Tiger (panthera tigris tigris) is the National animal of Bangladesh. These tigers in Bangladesh are now relegated to the forests of the Sunderbans and the Chittagong hill tracts. As of 2018, there are around 440 tigers in Bangladesh.

Pakistan – Markhor

Markhor is the National Animal of Pakistan. Markhor is also known as a screw horn or screw horned goat in Pakistan. The markhor is a large Capra species native to Himalayas, Karakoram, and Central Asia. Since 2015, Markhor is listed on the IUCN Red List as near threatened.

Sri Lanka – Lion

The National animal of Sri Lanka is Lion. It is also known by its scientific name i.e. Panthera leo. It is a carnivorous animal that usually rests throughout the day nearly 20 hours. Just like Tigers, Lion is also in the vulnerable list of the IUCN Red list.

Nepal – Cow

Cow is the National animal of Nepal. They are one of the oldest domestic animals in the world. As per Hinduism, Cows are considered divine and worshipped as goddesses. There are many breeds and origins of cows found in Nepal.

Afghanistan – Snow Leopard

The National animal of Afghanistan is a snow leopard. Its scientific name is Panthera Uncia. It is a large cat native animal usually found in the mountain ranges of central and south Asia. As per IUCN Red list, Snow leopard population is decreasing vulnerably. According to an estimate, there are around 50-200 snow leopards in Afghanistan.

Thailand – Elephant

Elephant is the national animal of Thailand. It is the largest land living animal in Asia. They are mainly found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. In the last three generations, the population of Asiatic elephants has decreased by approximately 50%. This is the reason why they are listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red list.

National Animals of the rest of the countries

CountryNational AnimalScientific Name
AlgeriaFennec foxVulpes zerda
AngolaRed-crested turaco (national bird)Tauraco erythrolophus
AnguillaZenaida doveZenaida aurita
Antigua and BarbudaFallow deerDama dama
ArgentinaRufous horneroFurnarius rufus
AustriaAustrian BundesadlerMythical
AzerbaijanKarabakh horseEquus ferus caballus
BelarusEuropean bisonBison bonasus
BelgiumLeo BelgicusMythical
BotswanaPlains zebraEquus quagga
BelizeBaird’s tapirTapirus Bairdii
BhutanTakinBudorcas taxicolor
BrazilRufous-bellied thrush (national bird)Turdus rufiventris
CambodiaKoupreyBos sauveli
CanadaNorth American beaver (national animal)Castor Canadensis
Democratic Republic of the CongoOkapiOkapia johnstoni
ColombiaAndean condorVultur gryphus
Costa RicaWhite-tailed deerOdocoileus virginianus
CroatiaPine martenMartes martes
CubaCuban trogonPriotelus temnurus
CyprusCypriot mouflonOvis orientalis
Czech RepublicDouble-tailed lionMythical
DenmarkRed squirrel (national mammal)Sciurus vulgaris
EgyptSteppe EagleAquila nipalensis
FranceGallic RoosterGallus gallus domesticus
IcelandGyrfalconFalco rusticolus
IndonesiaKomodo DragonVaranus komodoensis
IranAsiatic Lion, Persian leopardAsiatic Lion –  Panthera leo persica


Persian leopard – Panthera pardus saxicolor

IraqChukar Partridge, GoatChukar Partridge – Alectoris chukar


Goat – Capra aegagrus

IsraelHoopoe (national bird)Upupa epops
JapanGreen Pheasant (national bird), Carp (national fish)Green Pheasant (national bird) – Phasianus versicolor


Carp (national fish) – Cyprinus carpio

MalaysiaMalayan TigerPanthera tigris jacksoni
MexicoGolden EagleAquila chrysaetos
New zealandKiwiApteryx sp.
North KoreaChollimaMythical
RussiaEurasian Brown Bear, Double-headed eagleEurasian Brown Bear – Ursus arctos arctos


Double-headed Eagle – Mythical

SingaporeLionPanthera leo
South AfricaSpringbokAntidorcas marsupialis
SpainBullBos Taurus
UAEArabian OryxOryx leucoryx
United KingdomLionPanthera leo
ZimbabweSable antelopeHippotragus niger
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