A national animal is that animal selected by a country to serve as a symbol of their country. Most of the countries select national animals in such a way that it reflects their culture. Many countries also have multiple national animals. In simple words, we can say that a national animal is the most important animal of a country that represents its culture and heritage. In many competitive exams, questions regarding the national animals of different countries are often asked. In this post, we are going to proving you with a list of national animals from various countries.
List of National Animals of Different Countries
Let’s check the list of the national animals of various countries in the world.
- China – Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned crane
China is a country that has multiple national animals i.e. Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned. Out of the three national animals, Chinese Dragon is the mythical one as such an animal doesn’t really exist.
- India – Royal Bengal tiger
The national animal of India is the Royal Bengal tiger. The scientific name of this animal is “Panthera tigris”. A lot of programs are going on in the country to boost up the number of Royal Bengal tiger in India. The programs seem to work because currently there are more than 2000 tigers in India.
- United States – Bald eagle and American Bison
The United States of America has a different national bird and a different national mammal. The national bird of the USA is Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus Leucocephalus) and the national mammal of the USA is American Bison (Bison Bison).
- Australia – Red Kangaroo
The Red kangaroo is the national animal of Australia. This is the largest species of kangaroos. They are mainly found across mainland Australia, except for some areas like Western Australia. They are also the largest terrestrial mammal native to Australia.
- Bangladesh – Bengal Tiger
The Bengal Tiger (panthera tigris tigris) is the National animal of Bangladesh. These tigers in Bangladesh are now relegated to the forests of the Sunderbans and the Chittagong hill tracts. As of 2018, there are around 440 tigers in Bangladesh.
- Pakistan – Markhor
Markhor is the National Animal of Pakistan. Markhor is also known as a screw horn or screw horned goat in Pakistan. The markhor is a large Capra species native to Himalayas, Karakoram, and Central Asia. Since 2015, Markhor is listed on the IUCN Red List as near threatened.
- Sri Lanka – Lion
The National animal of Sri Lanka is Lion. It is also known by its scientific name i.e. Panthera leo. It is a carnivorous animal that usually rests throughout the day nearly 20 hours. Just like Tigers, Lion is also in the vulnerable list of the IUCN Red list.
- Nepal – Cow
Cow is the National animal of Nepal. They are one of the oldest domestic animals in the world. As per Hinduism, Cows are considered divine and worshipped as goddesses. There are many breeds and origins of cows found in Nepal.
- Afghanistan – Snow Leopard
The National animal of Afghanistan is a snow leopard. Its scientific name is Panthera Uncia. It is a large cat native animal usually found in the mountain ranges of central and south Asia. As per IUCN Red list, Snow leopard population is decreasing vulnerably. According to an estimate, there are around 50-200 snow leopards in Afghanistan.
- Thailand – Elephant
Elephant is the national animal of Thailand. It is the largest land living animal in Asia. They are mainly found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. In the last three generations, the population of Asiatic elephants has decreased by approximately 50%. This is the reason why they are listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red list.
National Animals of the rest of the countries
|Country||Name of the Animal||Scientific Name|
|Algeria||Fennec fox||Vulpes zerda|
|Angola||Red-crested turaco (national bird)||Tauraco erythrolophus|
|Anguilla||Zenaida dove||Zenaida aurita|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Fallow deer||Dama dama|
|Argentina||Rufous hornero||Furnarius rufus|
|Azerbaijan||Karabakh horse||Equus ferus caballus|
|Belarus||European bison||Bison bonasus|
|Botswana||Plains zebra||Equus quagga|
|Belize||Baird’s tapir||Tapirus Bairdii|
|Brazil||Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird)||Turdus rufiventris|
|Canada||North American beaver (national animal)||Castor Canadensis|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Okapi||Okapia johnstoni|
|Colombia||Andean condor||Vultur gryphus|
|Costa Rica||White-tailed deer||Odocoileus virginianus|
|Croatia||Pine marten||Martes martes|
|Cuba||Cuban trogon||Priotelus temnurus|
|Cyprus||Cypriot mouflon||Ovis orientalis|
|Czech Republic||Double-tailed lion||Mythical|
|Denmark||Red squirrel (national mammal)||Sciurus vulgaris|
|Egypt||Steppe Eagle||Aquila nipalensis|
|France||Gallic Rooster||Gallus gallus domesticus|
|Indonesia||Komodo Dragon||Varanus komodoensis|
|Iran||Asiatic Lion, Persian leopard||Asiatic Lion – Panthera leo persica
Persian leopard – Panthera pardus saxicolor
|Iraq||Chukar Partridge, Goat||Chukar Partridge – Alectoris chukar
Goat – Capra aegagrus
|Israel||Hoopoe (national bird)||Upupa epops|
|Japan||Green Pheasant (national bird), Carp (national fish)||Green Pheasant (national bird) – Phasianus versicolor
Carp (national fish) – Cyprinus carpio
|Malaysia||Malayan Tiger||Panthera tigris jacksoni|
|Mexico||Golden Eagle||Aquila chrysaetos|
|New zealand||Kiwi||Apteryx sp.|
|Russia||Eurasian Brown Bear, Double-headed eagle||Eurasian Brown Bear – Ursus arctos arctos
Double-headed Eagle – Mythical
|South Africa||Springbok||Antidorcas marsupialis|
|UAE||Arabian Oryx||Oryx leucoryx|
|United Kingdom||Lion||Panthera leo|
|Zimbabwe||Sable antelope||Hippotragus niger|