List of National Animals

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A national animal is that animal selected by a country to serve as a symbol of their country. Most of the countries select national animals in such a way that it reflects their culture. Many countries also have multiple national animals. In simple words, we can say that a national animal is the most important animal of a country that represents its culture and heritage. In many competitive exams, questions regarding the national animals of different countries are often asked. In this post, we are going to proving you with a list of national animals from various countries.

List of National Animals of Different Countries

Let’s check the list of the national animals of various countries in the world.

  • China – Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned crane

China is a country that has multiple national animals i.e. Chinese Dragon, Giant Panda, and Red-crowned. Out of the three national animals, Chinese Dragon is the mythical one as such an animal doesn’t really exist.

  • India – Royal Bengal tiger

The national animal of India is the Royal Bengal tiger. The scientific name of this animal is “Panthera tigris”. A lot of programs are going on in the country to boost up the number of Royal Bengal tiger in India. The programs seem to work because currently there are more than 2000 tigers in India.

  • United States – Bald eagle and American Bison

The United States of America has a different national bird and a different national mammal. The national bird of the USA is Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus Leucocephalus) and the national mammal of the USA is American Bison (Bison Bison).

  • Australia – Red Kangaroo

The Red kangaroo is the national animal of Australia. This is the largest species of kangaroos. They are mainly found across mainland Australia, except for some areas like Western Australia. They are also the largest terrestrial mammal native to Australia.

  • Bangladesh – Bengal Tiger

The Bengal Tiger (panthera tigris tigris) is the National animal of Bangladesh. These tigers in Bangladesh are now relegated to the forests of the Sunderbans and the Chittagong hill tracts. As of 2018, there are around 440 tigers in Bangladesh.

  • Pakistan – Markhor

Markhor is the National Animal of Pakistan. Markhor is also known as a screw horn or screw horned goat in Pakistan. The markhor is a large Capra species native to Himalayas, Karakoram, and Central Asia. Since 2015, Markhor is listed on the IUCN Red List as near threatened.

  • Sri Lanka – Lion

The National animal of Sri Lanka is Lion. It is also known by its scientific name i.e. Panthera leo. It is a carnivorous animal that usually rests throughout the day nearly 20 hours. Just like Tigers, Lion is also in the vulnerable list of the IUCN Red list.

  • Nepal – Cow

Cow is the National animal of Nepal. They are one of the oldest domestic animals in the world. As per Hinduism, Cows are considered divine and worshipped as goddesses. There are many breeds and origins of cows found in Nepal.

  • Afghanistan – Snow Leopard

The National animal of Afghanistan is a snow leopard. Its scientific name is Panthera Uncia. It is a large cat native animal usually found in the mountain ranges of central and south Asia. As per IUCN Red list, Snow leopard population is decreasing vulnerably. According to an estimate, there are around 50-200 snow leopards in Afghanistan.

  • Thailand – Elephant

Elephant is the national animal of Thailand. It is the largest land living animal in Asia. They are mainly found in the Indian Subcontinent and Southeast Asia. In the last three generations, the population of Asiatic elephants has decreased by approximately 50%. This is the reason why they are listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red list.

National Animals of the rest of the countries

Country Name of the Animal Scientific Name
Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda
Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus
Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita
Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer Dama dama
Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus
Austria Austrian Bundesadler Mythical
Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus
Belarus European bison Bison bonasus
Belgium Leo Belgicus Mythical
Botswana Plains zebra Equus quagga
Belize Baird’s tapir Tapirus Bairdii
Bhutan Takin Budorcas taxicolor
Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris
Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli
Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor Canadensis
Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni
Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus
Costa Rica White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus
Croatia Pine marten Martes martes
Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus
Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis
Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical
Denmark Red squirrel (national mammal) Sciurus vulgaris
Egypt Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
France Gallic Rooster Gallus gallus domesticus
Germany Bundesadler Mythical
Greece Pheonix Delphinus
Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus
Indonesia Komodo Dragon Varanus komodoensis
Iran Asiatic Lion, Persian leopard Asiatic Lion –  Panthera leo persica

Persian leopard – Panthera pardus saxicolor

Iraq Chukar Partridge, Goat Chukar Partridge – Alectoris chukar

Goat – Capra aegagrus

Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops
Japan Green Pheasant (national bird), Carp (national fish) Green Pheasant (national bird) – Phasianus versicolor

Carp (national fish) – Cyprinus carpio

Malaysia Malayan Tiger Panthera tigris jacksoni
Mexico Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
New zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.
Nigeria Eagle Accipitridae
North Korea Chollima Mythical
Russia Eurasian Brown Bear, Double-headed eagle Eurasian Brown Bear – Ursus arctos arctos

Double-headed Eagle – Mythical

Singapore Lion Panthera leo
South Africa Springbok Antidorcas marsupialis
Spain Bull Bos Taurus
UAE Arabian Oryx Oryx leucoryx
United Kingdom Lion Panthera leo
Zimbabwe Sable antelope Hippotragus niger

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2 Comments

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  1. KARTIK

    very nice

    1. Rohit

      Thank you for your valuable feedback.

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