National Symbols of India (Flag, Animal, and Currency)

The national symbols represent the culture of a country. Our country India has numerous national symbols such as national bird, flag, emblem, etc. These symbols infuse a sense of honor and pride in the heart of every Indian. These symbols were picked up at different times. As Indians, we should know about these symbols. It is even more important to know about these symbols if you are a student. GK questions are often asked from a list of National Symbols of India. In today’s post, we are going to share the list of National Symbols of India.

National Symbols of India

The list of national and official symbols of India is given below.

Official Name of the countryRepublic of India
National FlagNational Flag of India
National EmblemState Emblem of India
National MottoSatyameva Jayate
National AnthemJana Gana Mana
National SongVande Mataram
National DaysIndependence Day, Republic Day, Gandhi Jayanti
Oath of AllegianceNational Pledge
National CurrencyIndian Rupee
National CalendarIndian National Calendar
National CockadeIndian Cockade
National AnimalTiger
National Heritage AnimalIndian Elephant
National Aquatic AnimalGanges River Dolphin
National ReptileKing Cobra
National FlowerLotus National Flower
National TreeIndian Banyan
National BirdIndian Peacock
National FruitMango
National RiverGanga

Important National Symbols of India Overview

  1. National Flag of India – Our national flag consists of strips of three equally sized deep saffron at the top, white in the middle, and India green at the bottom. In the center, there is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes.
  2. National Emblem – The national emblem of India is the lion of Ashoka at Sarnath. It consists of four lions facing four directions.
  3. National Motto – Our national motto is “Stayameva Jayate”. It is taken from “Manduka Upanishad” the concluding part of Hindu Vedas.
  4. National Anthem – The National Anthem is “Jana Gana Mana”. It is by written Rabindra Nath Tagore. Originally, it was composed as Bharoto Bhagya Bidhata.
  5. National Song – The national song of India is Vande Matram. It is taken from a Bengali Novel Anandmath written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee.
  6. National Days – India has three national days – Republic day (26th January), Independence Day (15th August), and Gandhi Jayanti (2nd October)
  7. National Flower – Lotus is the national flower of India. Its scientific name is “Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn”. The flower is also considered an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time.
  8. National Currency – The currency of India is Indian National Rupee. The symbol of rupees is designed by Udaya Kumar. Its design is based on the Indian Tricolour.
  9. National Tree  – The national tree of India is Banyan Tree. Its scientific name is Ficus Bengalensis. This tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India
  10. National Animal -The Tiger or Panthera Tigris species is the national animal of India It is a form of a specific population of the Panthera Tigris subspecies that is native to the Indian subcontinent.
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