UPSC Maithili Syllabus 2023

As per the latest trends, a lot of UPSC aspirants are now opting for regional languages as an optional subject in the civil service main exam. Maithili is one such regional language that is selected by many candidates as their optional subject for the exam.  The aspiring candidates should get familiar with the UPSC Maithili Syllabus 2023 to prepare for the examination in a much better way. The syllabus of UPSC civil services Maithili involves history as well as other aspects of the language. In this post, we are providing the latest UPSC IAS Maithili Syllabus along with all its details.

UPSC Maithili Optional Syllabus 2023

You should note that if you opt for Maithili subject, you have to write your answers in the main exam in Maithili language only. Like other optional subjects, it also has two papers with each of them carrying 250 marks. Check out the syllabus for both the papers as given below.

IAS Maithili Syllabus Paper – I

History of Maithili Language and Its Literature


History of Maithili Language

  • Place of Maithili in Indo-Europe
  • Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Assamese, Oriya)
  • Origin and Development of Tirhuta Script.
  • Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Language.
  • Maithili and its different dialects.
  • Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era).
  • Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili)


History of Maithili Literature

  • Pre-Vidyapati Literature
  • Periodic division of Maithili literature.
  • Background of Maithili Literature (Religious, Economic, Social, Cultural)
  • Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs).
  • Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankia Nat, Maithili dramas written in Nepal).
  • Vidyapati and his tradition.
    • Development of different literary forms in modern era:
      • Muktak-kavya
      • Prabandh-kavya
      • Translation
      • Memoirs
      • Criticism
      • Essay
      • Drama
      • Short Story
      • Novel
    • Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals.

UPSC Maithili Civil Services Exam Syllabus Paper – II

Part – A


  • Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan—Lal Das (only Bal-kand)
  • Keechak-Vadh—Tantra Nath Jha
  • Datta-Vati—Surendra Jah ‘Suman’ (only 1st and 2nd Cantos).
  • Chitra-Yatri
  • Samakaleen Maithili Kavita—Publisher: Sahitaya Akademi, New Delhi.
  • Mithilabhasha Ramayana—Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand)
  • Krishnajanm—Manbodh
  • Govind Das Bhajanavali—Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (Lyrics— 1 to 25)
  • Vidyapati Geet-Shati—Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics— 1 to 50)

Part – B

  • Katha–Sangrah–Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna
  • Kriti Rajkamlak—Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (First Ten Stories only)
  • Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi—Sudhanshu ‘Shekhar’ Choudhary
  • Prithvi Putra—Lalit
  • Lorik—Vijaya Manipadma
  • Khattar Kakak Tarang—Hari Mohan Jha
  • Varna Ratnakar—Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)
Literature Maithili

UPSC Maithili Syllabus 2023: Download PDF

UPSC Syllabus

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