The Ramayana is a Sanskrit epic from ancient India, one of the important epics of Hinduism. This epic was written by Maharishi Valmiki. It narrates the life of lord Rama, a prince of Ayodhya, Kosala. The epic describes his fourteen-year exile to the forest commended by his father King Dasharatha; their travels across forests in the Indian subcontinent; the abduction of Sita by Ravana; Lord Rama’s war with Ravan; victory of Rama over Ravan, and Rama’s final return to Ayodhya along with Sita.
Ramayana is an important topic to prepare for the IAS UPSC exam. According to our research, 4 or 5 questions are always asked from the Ramayana epic. Below, we’ve listed some frequently asked questions and answers related to Ramayana.
GK Questions and Answers on Ramayana
Question -1: Who was the author of Ramayana?
Answer: Maharishi Valmiki.
Question -2: What are the two important epics of Hinduism?
Question -3: What was the kingdom of Ayodhya?
Question -4: How many verses are there in Ramayana?
Question -5: What is the meaning of “ayana” in the word Ramayana?
Answer: The word “ayana” means travel or journey. Thus, Ramayana stands for “Rama’s journey”.
Question -6: Valminki’s Ramayana is divided into how many kāṇḍas (chapters)?
Question -7: Who was the king of Ayodhya?
Question -8: How many wives Daśaratha had?
Answer: 3 wives -Kausalyā, Kaikeyī, and Sumitrā
Question -9: What are the seven Kandas of Ramayana?
Answer: Bala khanda, Aayodhya khanda, Aranyakhanda, Kiṣkindakāṇḍa, Sundara khanda, Yuddha khanda, and Uttarakanda.
Question -10: What was the name of the fire sacrifice performed by the Dasharatha for the offspring?
Answer: Putrīyā Iṣṭi
Question -11: Who was the mother of Lord Rama?
Question -12: Who was the son of Kaikeyi?
Question -13: Who was the mother of Lakṣmaṇa and Śatrughna?
Question -14: How many sons did King Dasharatha have?
Answer: Four- Rama, Lakshmana, Satrughna, Bharat.
Question -15: Who broke or strung the divine bow of Bhagavan Shiv at King Janak’s palace?
Answer: Lord Rama.
Question -16: What was the name of Ravan’s mother?
Answer: Kaikesi- A demon princess.
Question -17: Who was the father of Ravan?
Question -18: What was the kingdom of King Janak?
Question -19: Which Rishi (Sage) took Rama and Lakshman to fight with demons?
Question -20: At the age of 16, which demons did Lord Rama kill?
Answer: Tataka, Subahoo.
Question -21: From where did King Janak find Sita when she was a baby?
Answer: In the earth while plowing a field.
Question -22: Who was King Dasharat’s first choice as crown prince?
Answer: Lord Rama.
Question -23: Who insisted that Kaikeyi ask King Dasharath to make Bharat the crown prince?
Question -24: Who went to the forest along with lord Rama?
Answer: Lakshman and Sita.
Question -25: What was the name of Lakshman’s wife?
Question -26: Who was the wife of Bharat?
Question -27: What was the name of Shatrughna’s wife?
Question -28: Rama is the incarnation of which Hindu God?
Question -29: How many siblings does Ravan have?
Question -30: Sita is the incarnation of which goddess?
Answer: Lakshmi- wife of Vishnu.
Question -31: From which sage, the four sons of Dasharatha gained Education?
Answer: Sage Vashishta
Question -32: Which rivers did Lord Rama, Sita, and Lakshman cross while going to the Forest for 14 years?
Answer: Tamara, Gomati, and Vedashurti.
Question -33: On which mountain the lord Rama live in the period of exile?
Question -34: Which Rishi gave the celestial weapons to lord Rama?
Question -35: Who was the king of Kishkindha?
Question -36: Who helped Ravan to abduct Sita?
Answer: Mareecha- Demon.
Question -37: Who tried to protect Sita from Ravana?
Question -38: Where did Hanuman meet with Lord Rama and Lakshmana?
Answer: Rishyamukha mountain.
Question -39: In Lanka, where did Ravan retain Sita?
Answer: Ashoka Vatika.
Question -40: What was the name of Vishwamitra’s ashram?
Question -41: What was the name of Gautama Maharishi’s wife?
Question -42: On which river is the Panchavati located?
Question -43: Whose ears and nose were cut off by Lakshmana?
Question -44: What are the names of Ram and Sita’s sons?
Answer: Love and Khush
Question -45: Who killed Ravan’s son Indrajit?