List of Elephant Reserves in India – What is Project Tiger? State-wise population of Elephants in India

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The Elephant Reserves are those areas where elephants are protected and their breeding is promoted. In the year 1992, the government of India launched the Project Elephant with an aim to protect elephants and their habitat. To fulfill the objectives of Project Elephant, 32 Elephant reserves are created across India.

Students preparing for the government job examinations should go through the list of Elephant Reserves in India very carefully. It is so because questions from this topic are often asked in various examinations such as UPSC, SSC, Banking, Railways, etc. In this article, we are providing the list of elephant reserves in India in 2022.

What is Project Elephant?

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India launched the Project Elephant in 1992. The aim behind the launch of this project is to ensure the long-term survival of the population of elephants in their natural habitats by protecting them, their habitats and migration corridors. Through this project, the government spend a large amount of money and resources to support wildlife management efforts to boost the population of wild elephants. The project includes spreading awareness among the people for the conservation of elephants.

Key Highlights of Project Elephant

The key highlight of the project elephants is as follows.

  •  The project is mainly implemented in the following 16 states and Union Territories including Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand, Kerala, Nagaland, Meghalaya, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa, Uttaranchal West Bengal Maharashtra, and Chhattisgarh.
  • The project is implemented mainly in these states because these states or UTs have free-ranging populations of wild elephants.
  • Through this project, the government provides financial as well as technical assistance to the states to achieve the goals of this project.
  • Currently, there are 32 elephant reserves in India notified by the state governments in India.
  • A few other aims of Project elephants are as follows.
    • To promote not to harm elephants for their teeth
    • To ensure the welfare of captive elephants
    • The resolution of man-animal conflicts

List of Elephant Reserves of India

As of 2022, 32 Elephant Reserves (ERs) extending over about 58000 sq. km.  have been formally notified by various state governments. The complete list of Elephant Reserves with area and population of elephants is given below.

Name of the reserve and date of establishment State Total Area (Sq. Km.) Population
Mayurjharna – 2002 West Bengal 414 96
Singhbhum – 2001 Jharkhand 4,530 371
Mayurbhanj – 2001 Orissa 3.214 465
Mahanadi – 2002 Orissa 1,038 464
Sambalpur – 2002 Orissa 427 336
Baitarni Orissa 1,755 108
South Orissa Orissa 1,049 138
Lemru Chhattisgarh 450  
Badalkhol-Tamorpingla Chhattisgarh 4,216 138
Kameng – 2002 Arunachal Pradesh 1,892  
Sonitpur – 2003 Assam 1,420 612
Dihing-Patkai – 2003 Assam 937 295
South Arunachal Arunachal Pradesh 900+ 129
Kaziranga-Karbi – 2003 Assam 3,270 1940
Dhansiri-Lungding – 2003 Assam 2,740 275
Intanki – 2005 Nagaland 202 30
Chirang-Ripu – 2003 Assam 2,600 658
Eastern Dooars – 2002 West Bengal 978 300 – 358
Garo Hills – 2001 Meghalaya 3,500 1047
Khasi Hills Meghalaya 1,331 383
Mysore – 2002 Karnataka 6,724 4452
Wayanad – 2002 Kerala 1,200 636
Nilgiri – 2003 Tamil Nadu 4,663 2862
Rayala – 2003 Andhra Pradesh 766 12
Nilambur – 2002 Kerala 1,419 281
Coimbatore – 2003 Tamil Nadu 566 329
Anamalai – 2003 Tamil Nadu 1,457 179
Anamudi – 2002 Kerala 3,728 1547
Periyar – 2002 Kerala 3,742 1100
Srivilliputtur -2003 Tamil Nadu 1,249 638
Shivalik – 2003 Uttarakhand 5,405 1610
Uttar Pradesh – 2009 Uttar Pradesh 744  

Frequently Asked Questions

Question – 1: Which state has the highest number of elephants in India in 2022?

Answer: According to a report, Karnataka has the highest number of elephants followed by Assam.

Question – 2: How many elephants are there in India in 2022?

Answer: As per a report published recently, there are around 27,300 wild elephants in India.

Question – 3: How many elephant reserves are there in India?

Answer: Currently, there are 32 Elephant reserves in India.

Question – 4: What is the largest Elephant reserve in India?

Answer: Mysore elephant reserve (6,724 Km. Sq.) is the largest elephant reserve in India.

Question – 5: Which is the first elephant reserve in India?

Answer: Singhbhum Elephant Reserve of Jharkhand is the first elephant reserve in India.


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