National Pollution Control Day 2023: Theme, Importance

The increasing pollution is a major concern for India as well as many other nations. The government is taking every possible step to control the pollution. However, it is also important for every human being to become conscious of the pollution effects and the precautions to be taken to protect the mother nature.

People need to understand the causes of pollution and ways to reduce it to make a better world without Pollution. As per the survey, out of the top most polluted cities in the world, 13 cities belong to India. These disturbing statistics shows the need for National Pollution Control Day in India.

Therefore, the Government of India has announced December 2nd as National Pollution Control Day which is celebrated every year in India.

National Pollution Control Day 2023 India

In India, the National Pollution Control Day is celebrated on the 2nd of December every year. The day is recognized to remember and honor the thousands of people who lost their lives in the Bhopal Gas Tragedy. It was one of the huge industrial disasters that happened on the night of 2nd and 3rd December in 1984.

Importance of 2nd December

The Bhopal Gas Tragedy or Bhopal disaster was a chemical accident that took place at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India on 2nd and 3rd December 1984. This chemical accident was considered to be one of the world’s worst industrial disasters of all time.

Over 45 tons of methyl isocyanate (MIC) leaked from the Union Carbide Corporation plant and instantly killed thousands of people around the area. It is claimed that more than 20,000 people were died and around 558,125 people injured and suffering from various diseases due to the release of this poisonous gas.

With the high death rate and non-fatal injuries, the Bhopal Gas Tragedy was observed by raising awareness through National Pollution Control Day on the day it took away the lives of many innocent people.

National Pollution Control Day 2023 Quotes

Some of the famous quotes about pollution include:

“There is a sufficiency in the world for man’s needs but not for man’s greed.”- Mohandas K. Gandhi

“Environmental pollution is an incurable disease. It can only be prevented.” — Barry Commoner

“Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans.”- Jacques-Yves Cousteau

“Love is in the air but the air is highly polluted”- Amit Abraham

“Today we’re dumping 70 million tons of global-warming pollution into the environment, and tomorrow we will dump more, and there is no effective worldwide response. Until we start sharply reducing global-warming pollution, I will feel that I have failed.” — Al Gore

“The more we pollute the earth, the less we deserve to live on earth!” – Mehmet Murat ildan

The Theme of National Pollution Control Day 2023

National Pollution Control Day emphasizes preventing pollution and spreading realization about the ways we keep abusing our surroundings. The motto of National Pollution Control Day is Go green and breathe pure air.

The National Pollution Control Day 2023 has four major objectives i.e., Raising understanding about the increasing pollution, to aware people of the importance of pollution acts, providing knowledge on how to manage and control industrial tragedies, and different ways to stop industrial pollution produced by human carelessness.

National Pollution Control Day 2023 theme is “Beat Plastic Pollution”.

Laws made by the Indian Government to control pollution

The Government of India has taken some strict action and made laws to reduce pollution. Some of these laws for pollution are listed below.

E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016

Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016

Construction and Demolition Waste Management Rules, 2016

Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016

Bio-Medical Waste Management Rules, 2016

The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016

Environment Impact Assessment, 2006

Maharashtra Biodegradable Garbage Control Ordinance, 2006

Ozone Depleting Substances Regulation Rules, 2000

Municipal Solid Waste Management and Handling Rules, 2000

Batteries Management and Handling Rules, 2001

National Environment Tribunal Act, 1995

Environment Protection Rules, 1986

Noise Pollution Regulation and Control Rules, 2000

Recycled Plastics Manufacture and Usage Rules, 1999

Water Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1977

Biomedical Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1998

Manufacture, Import, Storage, Export, and Storage of Hazardous Microorganisms Genetically Engineered Organisms or Cells Rules, 1989

Chemical Accidents Emergency, Preparedness, Planning and Response rules, 1996

Hazardous Waste Management and Handling Rules, 1989

Environment Protection Act, 1986

Manufacture, Import and Storage of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989

Air Prevention and Control of Pollution Act, 1981


When is National Pollution Control Day celebrated in India?

It is observed every year on 2 December.

What is the theme of National Pollution Control Day 2023?

“Beat Plastic Pollution”

What is the theme of Environment Day 2023?

The environment day is celebrated with the theme #BeatPlasticPollution.

What are the major causes of pollution?

Gases from chemical production, Vehicle emissions, Burning of Fossil Fuels, garbage waste, power generation from coal-fueled power plants, constructions, etc.

Which is the most polluted city in India?

New Delhi.

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