# UPSC Electrical Engineering Syllabus 2023

UPSC allows aspirants to choose Electrical Engineering as one of the optional papers for the Civil Services Main exam. As it is a core branch of engineering, aspirants should choose Electrical Engineering as a subject of their exam only if they have relative background and interest. The UPSC Electrical Engineering syllabus 2023 is quite vast and it contains different topics based on various phenomenon of Electrical engineering. The aspirants can find the latest UPSC Main exam Syllabus for Electrical Engineering in the post.

## Electrical Engineering Syllabus for UPSC Main Exam

Like other optional subjects in UPSC Main Exam, Electrical Engineering also carries 500 marks. There are two Papers of 250 marks each i.e. Paper 1 and Paper 2. The syllabuses of both the papers are different from each other as given below.

### UPSC Electrical Engineering Paper – 1 Syllabus 2023

1. Circuits—Theory:

Circuit components, network graphs, KCL, KVL, Circuit analysis methods: nodal analysis, mesh analysis, basic network theorems and applications, transient analysis: RL, RC and RLC circuits, sinusoidal steady state analysis, resonant circuits, coupled circuits, balanced 3-phase circuits, Two-port networks,

1. Signals and Systems:

Fourier transform, Laplace transform, Z-transform, Transfer function, Sampling and recovery of signals DFT, FFT Processing of analog signals through discrete-time systems,  Representation of continuous-time and discrete-time signals and systems, LTI systems, convolution, impulse response, time-domain analysis of LTI systems based on convolution and differential/difference equations.

1. E.M. Theory:

Transmission lines: travelling and standing waves, impedance matching, Smith chart, Maxwell’s equations, wave propagation in bounded media, Boundary conditions, reflection and refraction of plane waves.

1. Analog Electronics:

Analysis of amplifiers, frequency-response of amplifiers, OPAMP circuits, Filters, sinusoidal oscillators: criterion for oscillation, single-transistor and OPAMP configurations, Function generators and wave-shaping circuits, Linear and switching power supplies, Characteristics and equivalent circuits (large and small-signal) of Diode, BJT, JFET and MOSFET, Diode circuits: Clipping, clamping, rectifier, Biasing and bias stability, FET amplifiers, Current mirror, Amplifiers: single and multi-stage, differential, operational feedback and power.

1. Digital Electronics:

Comparators, timers, multivibrators, Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs, Semiconductor memories, Logic implementation using programmable devices (ROM, PLA, FPGA), Boolean algebra, minimization of Boolean functions, logic gates, digital IC families (DTL, TTL, ECL, MOS, CMOS), Combinational circuits: arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers and decoders, Sequential circuits: latches and flip-flops, counters and shift-registers.

1. Energy Conversion:

Principles of electromechanical energy conversion: Torque and EMF in rotating machines, DC machines: characteristics and performance analysis, starting and speed control of motors, Transformers: principles of operation and analysis, regulation, efficiency, 3-phase transformers, 3-phase induction machines and synchronous machines: characteristics and performance analysis, speed control.

1. Power Electronics and Electric Drives:

Semi-conductor power devices: diode, transistor, thyristor, triac, GTO and MOSFET-static characteristics and principles of operation, triggering circuits, phase control rectifiers, bridge converters: fully-controlled and half-controlled, principles of thyristor choppers and inverters, DC-DC converters, Switch mode inverter, basic concepts of speed control of dc and ac motor drives applications of variable-speed drives.

1. Analog Communication:

Modulators and Demodulators, Phase and Frequency modulation: PM & FM signals, narrows band FM, generation & detection of FM and PM, Deemphasis, Preemphasis, CW modulation system: Superhetrodyne receivers, AM receivers, communication receivers, FM receivers, phase locked loop, SSB receiver Signal to noise ratio calculation or AM and FM, Random variables: continuous, discrete, probability, probability functions, Statistical averages, probability models, Random signals and noise: white noise, noise equivalent bandwidth, signal transmission with noise, signal to noise ratio, Linear CW modulation: Amplitude modulation: DSB, DSB-SC and SSB.

### UPSC Electrical Engineering Paper – 2 Syllabus 2023

1. Control Systems

Elements of control systems, block-diagram representations, open-loop & closed-loop systems, principles and applications of feed-back, Control system components, LTI systems: time-domain and transform-domain analysis, Stability: Routh Hurwitz criterion, root-loci, Bode-plots and polor plots, Nyquist’s criterion, Design of lead-lad compensators, Proportional, PI, PID controllers, State-variable representation and analysis of control systems.

1. Microprocessors and Microcomputers:

PC organization, CPU, instruction set, register settiming diagram, programming, interrupts, memory interfacing, I/O interfacing, programmable peripheral devices.

1. Measurement and Instrumentation:

Signal conditioning circuit; Electronic measuring instruments: multimeter, CRO, digital voltmeter, frequency counter, Q-meter, spectrum-analyser, distoration-meter. Transducers: thermocouple, thermistor, LVDT, strain-guage, piezo-electric crystal, Error analysis; measurement of current voltage, power, energy, power-factor, resistance, inductance, capacitance and frequency, bridge measurements.

1. Power Systems: Analysis and Control:

Concepts of system stability: swing curves and equal area criterion. Static VAR system, Basic concepts of HVDC transmission, Steady-state performance of overhead transmission lines and cables, principles of active and reactive power transfer and distribution, per-unit quantities, bus admittance and impedance matrices, load flow, voltage control and power factor correction; economic operation, symmetrical components, analysis of symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults.

1. Power System Protection:

Principles of overcurrent, differential and distance protection, Concept of solid state relays. Circuit brakers, Computer aided protection: introduction: line, bus, generator, transformer protection: numeric relays and application of DSP to protection.

1. Digital Communication:

Pulse code modulation (PCM), differential pulse code modulation (DPCM), delta modulation (DM), Digital modulation and demodulation schemes: amplitude, phase and frequency keying schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK). Error control coding: error detection and correction, linear block codes, convolation codes, Information measure and source coding. Data networks, 7-layer architecture.

Electrical Engineering