UPSC Hindi Syllabus

Hindi is one of the subjects the aspirants can choose as an optional subject for the UPSC Main exam. The candidates preparing for the exam must know the UPSC Hindi Syllabus and prepare accordingly. The overall syllabus of Hindi subject is quite vast and includes many aspects of the language. It is important for a candidate to be familiar with the syllabus before starting the preparation. Please note that during the exam, the aspirants must write the answers in Hindi language only. In this post, we are going to provide complete information about the UPSC Civil Services Hindi Syllabus 2023.

IAS Hindi Syllabus 2023

The Hindi optional subject exam in UPSC main paper comprises of two papers. Each of these papers carries 250 marks. The syllabus for both of these papers is given below.

UPSC Optional Hindi Syllabus for Paper – I

Section-A

History of Hindi Language and Nagari Lipi

  • Development of Khari-boli and Nagari Lipi during 19th Century.
  • Early form of Khari-boli in Siddha-Nath Sahitya, Khusero, Sant Sahitaya, Rahim etc. and Dakhni Hindi.
  • Development of Braj and Awadhi as Literary language during medieval period.
  • Grammatical and applied forms of Apbhransh, Awahatta & Arambhik Hindi.
  • Grammatical structure of Standard Hindi
  • Salient features of Nagari Lipi and the efforts for its reform & Standard form of Hindi.
  • Prominent dialects of Hindi and their inter-relationship
  • Scientific & Technical Development of Hindi Language.
  • The development of Hindi as a National Language of Union of India.
  • Development of Hindi as a National Language during freedom movement.
  • Standardisation of Hindi Bhasha & Nagari Lipi.

Section-B

History of Hindi Literature

  • The relevance and importance of Hindi literature and tradition of writing History of Hindi Literature.
  • Literary trends of the following four periods of history of Hindi Literature
    • Bhaktikal—Sant Kavyadhara, Sufi Kavyadhara, Krishna Bhaktidhara and Ram Bhaktidhara. Prominent Poets—Kabir, Jayasi, Sur & Tulsi
    • Adikal—Sidh, Nath and Raso Sahitya. Prominent poets—Chandvardai, Khusaro, Hemchandra, Vidyapati.
    • Ritikal—Ritikavya, Ritibaddhkavya & Riti Mukta Kavya. Prominent Poets—Keshav, Bihari, Padmakar and Ghananand.
    • Adhunik Kal—
      • Renaissance, the development of Prose, Bharatendu Mandal.
      • Prominent Writers—Bharatendu, Bal Krishna Bhatt & Pratap Narain Mishra.
      • Prominent trends of modern Hindi Poetry: Chhayavad, Pragativad, Prayogvad, Nai Kavita, Navgeet and Contemporary poetry and Janvadi Kavita. Prominent Poets—Maithili Sharan Gupta, Prasad, Nirala, Mahadevi, Dinkar, Agyeya, Muktibodh, Nagarjun.

Katha Sahitya

  • Upanyas & Realism
  • Prominent Novelists—Premchand, Jain-endra, Yashpal, Renu and Bhism Sahani.
  • The origin and development of Hindi Novels.
  • Prominent Short Story Writers—Premchand, Prasad, Agyeya, Mohan Rakesh & Krishna Sobti.
  • The origin and development of Hindi short story.

Drama & Theatre

  • Prominent Dramatists—Bharatendu, Prasad, Jagdish Chandra Mathur, Ram Kumar Verma, Mohan Rakesh.
  • The development of Hindi Theatre.
  • The Origin & Development of Hindi Drama.

Criticism

  • Prominent critics—Ramchandra Shukla, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma & Nagendra.
  • The origin and development of Hindi criticism : Saiddhantik, Vyavharik, Pragativadi. Manovishleshanvadi & Nai Alochana.

The other form of Hindi prose—Lalit Nibandh,Rekhachitra, Sansmaran, Yatra-vrittant.

IAS Main Hindi Syllabus 2023 for Paper-II

The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Section A

  1. Bihari : Bihari Ratnakar Ed. Jagnnath Prasad Ratnakar (First 100 Dohas)
  2. Maithili Sharan : Bharat Bharati Gupta
  3. Prasad : Kamayani (Chinta and Shraddha Sarg)
  4. Nirala : Rag-Virag, Ed. Ram Vilas Sharma (Ram Ki Shakti Pooja & Kukurmutta)
  5. Dinkar : Kurukshetra
  6. Agyeya : Angan Ke Par Dwar (Asadhya Veena)
  7. Muktiboth : Brahm Rakhashas
  8. Nagarjun : Badal Ko Ghirte Dekha Hai, Akal Ke Bad, Harijan Gatha.
  9. Kabir : Kabir Granthawali, Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (First hundred Sakhis)
  10. Soordas : Bhramar Geetsar, Ed. Ramchandra Shukla (First hundred Padas)
  11. Tulsidas : Ramcharit Manas (Sundar Kand) Kavitawali (Uttarkand)
  12. Jayasi : Padmawat Ed. Shyam Sundar Das (Sinhal Dwip Khand & Nagmativiyog Khand)

Section-B

  1. Bharatendu : Bharat Durdasha
  2. Mohan Rakesh : Ashadh Ka Ek Din
  3. Ramchandra : Chintamani (Part I) (KavitaKya Shukla Hai, ShraddhaAurBhakti)
  4. Satyendra : Nibandh Nilaya—Bal Krishna Bhatt, Premchand, Gulab Rai, Hajari Prasad Dwivedi, Ram Vilas Sharma, Agyeya, Kuber Nath Rai.
  5. Premchand Godan, Premchand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan, Ed. Amrit Rai/Manjusha—Prem Chand ki Sarvashreshtha Kahaniyan. Ed. Amrit Rai.
  6. Prasad : Skandgupta
  7. Yashpal : Divya
  8. Phaniswar Nath : Maila Anchal Renu
  9. Mannu Bhandari : Mahabhoj
  10. Rajendra Yadav : Ek Dunia Samanantar (All Stories)
Literature Hindi

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UPSC Syllabus

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