CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2024-25 (Download Geography Syllabus PDF)

Find below CBSE class 12 Geography syllabus 2024. You would know that CBSE is conducting class 12 exam in single term in 2024. In this article, we have also attached the new Geography syllabus of CBSE pdf that you can use further according to your convenience.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2024-25

Check below CBSE class 12 latest syllabus for Geography:

Book- Fundamental of Human Geography

Chapter No.

Chapter Name

No. of periods


Unit I


Human Geography



Unit II


The World Population Density Distribution and Growth






Human Development


Unit III


Primary Activities







Secondary Activities



Tertiary and Quaternary Activities



Transport, Communication and Trade



International Trade



Map Work (Based on identification of features on World Political Map)








Book-India People and Economy

Chapter No.Chapter nameNo. of PeriodsWeightage
Unit 1
1Population Distribution Density Growth and Composition105
Unit 2
2Human Settlements83
Unit 3
3Land Resources and Agriculture910
4Water Resources9
5Mineral And Energy Resources9
6Planning and Sustainable Development in Indian Context7
Unit 4
7Transport and Communication117
8International Trade9
Unit 5
9Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems85
Map Work (Based on Marking and labelling on a political Map of India)105


Chapter No.Chapter NamePeriodWeightage
1Data-its source and Compilation518
2Data Processing8
3Graphical representation of Data15
4Spatial Information Technology127
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5

Class 12 Geography Syllabus CBSE 2024-25

Book- Fundamental of Human Geography

1. Human Geography: To define Human Geography and describe the nature and scope of Human Geography as a discipline

2. The World Population-distribution, density, and growth:

  • To familiarize learners with some basic concepts of Population Geography.
  • To understand the patterns of population distribution in the world and correlate the factors influencing population distribution.

3. Human Development: To understand the concept human development introduced by Dr. Mehbub Ul Haq and Prof. Amartya Sen.

4. Primary activities

  • To understand various categories of economic activities.
  • To describe Primary activities and relate the physical and social factors that affect the type of primary activities practised in different regions of the world.
  • To explain main features of different types of agricultural system practised in the world.

5. Secondary Activities

  • To develop understanding of secondary activities with emphasis on manufacturing industries.
  • To give an overview of manufacturing processes, types, its significance and recent changes.

6. Tertiary and Quaternary Activities: To understand different types of tertiary activity and its importance in the economy.

7. Transport and Communication

  • To acquire knowledge about various modes of transport in different continents.
  • To compare and synthesize the information about major transport routes around the globe.
  • To understand the development of communication networks and their impact on the modern world.

8. International Trade

  • Familiarize the students with the basic concepts and principles of International trade.
  • To understand the basis of International trade, Balance of trade and types of International trade.
  • Gain knowledge about the concept of Dumping.
  • To outline the historical perspective of globalization and Role of WTO, its functions and its implications on the world trade.
  • Examine the importance ofsea ports as Gateways of International trade

Book: India People and Economy

1. Population: Distribution Density, Growth and Composition:

  • To correlate population distribution and density with the physiography of India.
  • To familiarize students with the demographic attributes of India

2. Human Settlements: To understand how the form and size of settlement of any particular region reflects human relationship with the environment.

3. Land Resources and Agriculture:

  • To familiarise students with the land-use categories as maintained in the land revenue records.
  • To analyse the changes in land- use pattern registered in India due to change in shares of primary, secondary and tertiary sectors in GDP.

4. Water Resources: To familiarise students about the water resources available in India and the factors that determine spatial distribution of the available water resources in the country and its utilization.

5. Mineral and energy resources:

  • To know about distribution of various minerals in the world.
  • To understand and realize the importance of minerals in human life.
  • To create an awareness about nature of different minerals and how to sustain them for the future.

6. Planning and sustainable development in Indian Context: To understand the need for centralised planning (sectoral planning and regional planning) to accelerate uniform economic development over space as well the role of NITI Aayog.

7. Transport and communication:

  • To acquire knowledge about various means of transport spread in different parts of India.
  • To compare and correlate various modes of transport to the physical regions of India.
  • To evaluate the impact of transport and communication networks on the development of our nation.

8. International Trade: To familiarise students about the changes that have taken place in India’s international trade in terms of volume, composition and direction.

9. Geographical Perspective on selected issues: To explain the causes and consequences of different types of pollution in India and suggest the measures to control it.

CBSE Class 12 Geography syllabus 2024 PDF: Check

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