Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2023: Meaning, History, Celebration

On August 14, 2021, The Prime Minster of India Narendra Modi announced that August 14 will be observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day. The Prime Minster Said “The pain of partition when millions of brothers and sisters were displaced and even many of them lost their lives just because of mindless hate and violence can’t be forgotten. In memory of those sacrifices, August 14 will be now observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.”

“May the Partition Horrors Remembrance Day keep reminding us of the need to remove the poison of social divisions, disharmony and further strengthen the spirit of oneness, social harmony and human empowerment”- PM Modi Said

Further, Home Minister Amit Shah welcomes this move and Union Home Ministry released an official notification saying August 14 will be observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day.

Amit Shah tweeted, “In the memory of the sacrifice and struggle of our innumerable sisters and brothers who were displaced in the shadow of violence and hatred at the time of Partition of the country, Shri Narendra Modi has decided to observe 14th August as ‘Partition Horrors Remembrance Day’. I welcome Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi for taking this sensitive decision”.

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2023 Overview


Partition Horrors Remembrance Day (विभाजन विभीषिका स्मृति दिवस)

2023 Date

August 14





Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2023 Date

As the official notification released mentioning 14 August as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day and hence the observances in the year 2023, 2024, 2025 and upcoming years are on following dates.

Observance Date Day
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202314th August 2023Monday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202414th August 2024Wednesday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202514th August 2025Thursday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202614th August 2026Friday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202714th August 2027Saturday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202814th August 2028Monday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 202914th August 2029Tuesday
Partition Horrors Remembrance 203014th August 2030Wednesday

And the table will continue for upcoming years….

Check Info- Independence Day

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day Meaning

The Government of India declared August 14 to be observed as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day so that the current and future generations of Indians will understand and remember the pain of people who suffered during partition.

There is an estimate that shows one to two million people were died during the partition period in the year 1947. This partition displaced around 10 to 20 million people with religious lines, producing irresistible refugee crises in the newly constituted dominions.

The trains carrying the people became “ghost trains” as mob targeted crowd travelling from one direction to other.

As a child of parents who suffered during India’s Partition1947, I am extremely grateful to PM Narendra Modi Ji for declaring August 14 as Partition Horrors Remembrance Day. This will forever be a reminder of the human misery caused by wrong policies of the then Govt.-Tweeted Hardeep Singh Puri.

देश के विभाजन के समय हिंसा व घृणा के साये में विस्थापित हुए हमारे असंख्य बहनों व भाइयों के त्याग, संघर्ष व बलिदान की याद में मोदीजी ने 14 अगस्त को ‘विभाजन विभीषिका स्मृति दिवस’ के रूप में मनाने का निर्णय लिया है। इस संवेदनशील निर्णय पर मैं Narendra Modi जी का अभिनंदन करता हूँ।– Tweeted Home Minster Amit Shah

Bikramaditya Kumar Choudhary, A JNU Professor, mentioned, “Our understanding is on the basis of reading of the narratives and text and talking to people. It was not a one-day incident that you want to remember, it was also a culmination of hate politics.”
He further said Partition occurred in 1947 as a result of there was a nurturing of hate for greater than 20 years. “It has always led us to disaster. And one disaster that India has faced was the hate politics, created by the colonial empire, because it suited them,”.

Retired JNU Sociology Professor said- “It is a worrying thing that the top leader is looking backwards. Earlier, it was citizenship and Article 370… Partition was an issue of an unholy alliance of the British and political leaders, including the Muslim League, Hindu Mahasabha, and, to an extent, the Indian National Congress. The new generation will not be impressed by the interpretation of the communal forces in the face of other global challenges and multiculturalism.”

About Partition Horrors Remembrance Day

Partition Horrors Remembrance Day 2023 will be observed on 14th August 2023. This day is dedicated to the struggles and sacrifices of people during the Partition.

This day will be observed every year on the same day i.e. August 14. This partition caused death of 2 to 3 million people where 10 to 20 million people were displaced.

History of Partition Day

The partitions were held between two independent Dominions Pakistan and India.

The Dominion of Pakistan is today known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the People’s Republic of Bangladesh.

The Dominion of India is today known as the Republic of India.

Around 2 to 3 million people died during partition and 10 to 20 million people were displaced.


Who started the Partition Horrors Remembrance Day?

Government of India

When was Partition Horrors Remembrance Day observed for the first time?

on 14th August 2021

How many people during the partition?

Around 2 hundred thousand to 2 million people

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