Sankranti 2022: Dates, Time, Hindu Calendar, Puja Vidhi, Importance

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There are twelve Sankranti in 2022 and it includes Makar Sankranti on 14 January, Kumbha Sankranti on 13 February, Meena Sankranti on 15 March, Mesha Sankranti on 14 April, Vrishabha Sankranti on 15 May, Mithuna Sankranti on 15 June, Karka Sankranti on 16 July, Simha Sankranti on 17 August, Kanya Sankranti on 17 September, Tula Sankranti on 17 October , Vrischika Sankranti on 16 November, and Dhanu Sankranti on 16 December 2022.

Sankranti 2022: Sankranti is a major festival of Hindus that is celebrated across the country with taking a holy bath in sacred rivers and donating to the poor. There are a total of 12 Sankrantis that fall within the period of one year. Sankranti falling in each month is known by different names and has importance and significance of its own. Out of all Sankrantis, Makar Sankranti that usually falls in mid-January is considered as the most important Sankranti and is celebrated by the Hindus with great joy and merriment. The article below presents some insight on Sankranti 2022 such as dates, way of celebration, etc.

Sankranti Dates 2022

Dates for all 12 Sankrantis that will fall in the years 2022 along with the day on which they will fall are provided below. Here is the Sankranti Hindi calendar 2022:

Sankranti Alias Date Day
Sankranti January 2022 Makar Sankranti 14 January Friday
Sankranti February 2022 Kumbha Sankranti 13 February Sunday
Sankranti March 2022 Meena Sankranti 15 March Tuesday
Sankranti April 2022 Mesha Sankranti 14 April Thursday
Sankranti May 2022 Vrishabha Sankranti 15 May Sunday
Sankranti June 2022 Mithuna Sankranti 15 June Wednesday
Sankranti July 2022 Karka Sankranti 16 July Saturday
Sankranti August 2022 Simha Sankranti 17 August Wednesday
Sankranti September 2022 Kanya Sankranti 17 September Saturday
Sankranti October 2022 Tula Sankranti 17 October Monday
Sankranti November 2022 Vrischika Sankranti 16 November Wednesday
Sankranti December 2022 Dhanu Sankranti 16 December Friday

Importance of Sankranti 2022

Sankranti is believed to be an auspicious day and the duration of Punya Kaal or Mahapunya Kaal is considered even more auspicious.Normally, Sankranti falls at dates between 13th and 17thof each month. On the day of Sankranti, devotees take a dip in holy water believing this will help them get rid of their previous life’s sins and seek forgiveness from god. Peace, prosperity and good health also prevails in the home of those who observe and celebrate Sankranti following all rituals with complete reverence.

Preforming pooja rituals, donating food and other material to poor and needy are some major activities associated with this festival and is supposed to bring good fortune to the devotees, especially if done in the duration of Punya Kaal or Mahapunya Kaal. Sankranti Punya Kaal varies from one location to another depending on the position of the Sun.

Makar Sankranti

Makar Sankrantiis the most significant of all Sankrantis and is celebrated in the month of January.It is observed every year on the day when the Sun enters the Capricorn zodiac, usually around 14th of January. Since Makar Sankranti is observed according to solar cycles, its date remains the same as per the Gregorian calendar (except in some years). A festival related to harvesting of crops, Makar Sankranti is known and celebrated by different names in different states of the country.This festival signifies the end of winter and is celebrated in the hopes of brighter and happier days.Makar Sankranti is also a festival of melas and many fairs are held on this day in different regions of the country.

On the day of Makar Sankranti people worship the Sun and offer arghya at the time of sunrise. Most people take a dip in the holy waters of Prayag Raj where Kumbha Mela is also observed every 12 years (time period in which Jupiter completes one revolution of the Sun). Kumbha Mela is held at one of four holy locations, namely Haridwar, Prayag, Ujjain and Nashik. Other than this, the Magha Mela or mini-Kumbha Mela is held annually at Prayag and fairs of small and large scales are held at other places as well. Apart from dipping in the holy rivers and donating food, kite flying and visiting mela (fairs)are also somemajor ritualsrelated to Makar Sankranti.

Makar Sankranti in Different States

Different names of Makar Sankranti by which it is known in different parts of the country are given as follows. Although this festival is celebrated by different names, the celebration and festivities of this day are quite similar to each other.

  • Assam- Magh Bihu
  • Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh- Maghi (preceded by Lohri)
  • Central India- Sukarat
  • Tamil Nadu- Thai Pongal
  • Gujarat, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh- Uttarayan
  • Uttarakhand- Ghughuti
  • Andhra Pradesh and Telangana- Sankranthi
  • Odisha, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa, West Bengal- Makara Sankranti
  • Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh- Khichdi Sankranti
  • West Bengal- Poush Sankranti
  • Kashmir- ShishurSankrat
  • Tripura- Hangrai

Not just India, but this day is observed by people of other countries as well.South Asian countries like Nepal (Maghi Sankrant), Pakistan (Tirmoori), Singapore & Malaysia (Uzhavar Thirunal), Songkran (Thailand), Cambodia (Mohan Songkran), etc celebrate Makar Sankranti festival as well.

How to observe Sankranti 2022?

On the day of Makar Sankranti, people start by taking a holy bath at the time of sunrise. Although many people prefer dipping in the holy waters of any scared river (Ganga or Yamuna), people can bathe at their homes as well. Bathing in sacred river is believed to result in merit or absolution of past sins.After that, they worship the deity Sun and other gods and goddesses are worshipped too. There is no ritual for observing fast on this day and rather special meals are prepared for Sankranti celebration like dahi, choora, khichdi, etc. Devotees also donate food and other important items to the poor people. Flying kite is also one famous ritual of Sankranti but is mostly done at the time of Makar Sankranti. Other Sankrantis are mostly limited to praying to the Sun and distributing alms among the poors.


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