Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is one of the major civilizations of the world. It geographically ranges across the western part of South Asia now in India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC), also known as the Harappan civilization, flourished between 2500 BC and 1750 BC.
Among ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia civilizations, IVC was one of extensive civilizations of the Near East and South Asia. Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) is an important topic for SSC & IAS exams. Around 3 to 4 questions from the general knowledge section are asked from Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan civilization in most of the government exams.
Students who are going to appear in the IAS/ SC CGL/ MTS/CHSL/ GD/CPO Exams can scroll the post to check the most frequently asked questions on Indus Valley Civilization.
GK Questions and Answers on Indus Valley Civilization
Question -1: What was the period of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Answer: The Bronze Age lasted from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE.
Question -2: When was the mature form of Indus Valley believed to be?
Answer: 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE.
Question -3: What were the three major civilizations of Near East and South Asia?
Answer: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Indus Valley Civilization.
Question -4: Which civilization was most extensive among the three civilizations of Near East and South Asia?
Answer: Indus Valley Civilization.
Question -5: What was the Geographical range of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Answer: Its sites sprawled an area from much of Pakistan to northeast Afghanistan, and northwestern India.
Question -6: What was another name given to the Indus Valley Civilization?
Answer: Harappan Civilization, named after the first city to be excavated, Harappa (Punjab, Pakistan).
Question -7: What is another term used for Harappan Civilization?
Answer: Mature Harappan.
Question 8: Where has been the pre-Harappan civilization was found?
Answer: Mehrgarh, Pakistan
Question: 9: Which civilization shows the evidence of cotton cultivation?
Answer: Pre-Harappan civilization.
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Question -10: What were the important sites of the Indus Valley civilization in India?
Answer: Kalibangan (Rajasthan), Rangpur, Lothal, Dholavira, Surkotda (Gujarat), Ropar (Punjab), Banawali (Haryana).
Question -11: What were the Indus Valley’s important sites in Pakistan?
Answer: Harappa (on river Ravi), Chanhudaro (in Sindh), Mohenjodaro (on Indus River in Sindh).
Question -12: Ancient Indus Valley houses were usually made of which bricks?
Answer: Baked Brick.
Question -13: What was the total population of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa civilization during its florescence?
Answer: Around one and five million people.
Question -14: Who first discovered the Harappa Civilization?
Answer: Sir John Hubert Marshall.
Question -15: Who discovered the Harappa ruins?
Answer: Marshall, Rai Bahadur Daya Ram Sahni, and Madho Sarup Vats.
Question -16: Why Indus Valley Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization?
Answer: Harapaa was the first site to be excavated in the 1920s.
Question -17: What was the script of the Indus Valley Civilization?
Question -18: Which site of Indus Valley had an ancient “Dockyard”?
Question -19: What was the major occupation at the time of the Harappa civilization?
Question -20: Which metal was not produced in the Indus Valley Civilization?
Question -21: People of Indus Valley worshipped which God?
Answer: It is believed they worshipped the early form of Lord Shiva.
Question -22: What was the famous statuette has been found from Mohenjodaro?
Answer: A 4000-years-old statuette of a dancing girl and an image of a bearded Priest-King was found in Mohenjodaro.
Question -23: What is Mehrgarh?
Answer: Mehrgarh is a Neolithic Mountain site situated in Balochistan, Pakistan. It was one of the initial sites with signs of farming and herding in South Asia.
Question -24: The Early Harappan Ravi Phase was named after which river?
Answer: Ravi River.
Question -25: What was the period of The Early Harappan?
Answer: 3300 BCE until 2800 BCE.
Question -26: During the Indus Valley Civilization, Copper was acquired from which province?
Question 27: Which Indus Valley site is located in today’s Haryana, India?
Question 28: On which bank of river, the Harappa site is located?
Question 29: When did the mature Harappa phase start?
Answer: 2600 BCE.
Question 30: What were the major urban centres for early Harappan communities?
Answer: Ganeriwala, Harappa, Mohenjo-daro in current Pakistan, and Rupar, Kalibangan, Dholavira, Rakhigarhi, and Lothal in present India.
Question 31: What was the smallest division recorded on a scale of Bronze Age?
Answer: Approximately 1.704 mm.
Question -32: What was the period of the chalcolithic era (copper age)?
Answer: 4300–3200 BCE
Question -33: When did the decline of the late Harappan begin?
Answer: Around 1900 BCE.
Question -34: Indus Valley Civilization had trade relations with which community?
Question -35: Indus Valley Civilization belongs to which period?
Answer: Proto Historical Period.
Question -36: Which sites of the Indus Valley Civilization had a “Dockyard”?
Question -37: What is the meaning of the term Mohenjodaro?
Answer: Mound of Dead.
Question -38: Which animals had commonly appeared on the seals of Indus Valley Civilization?
Question -39: The famous statuette of the dancing girl, found in the excavation of Mohenjodaro was created of which metal?
Question -40: The seals of the Indus Valley were created of which metal?