UP Board Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2023-24 (Download PDF)

Syllabus of the Geography subject for class 11th has been released by the UP board. Knowledge of syllabus is important in order to prepare well for the exam. Check out the complete details of UP Board Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2023-24 from this post below. We also request students to prefer UP board class 11 Geography syllabus pdf for more details.

Class 11 Geography Syllabus for UP Board 2023-24

Important topics that are included by the UP board in the Geography syllabus for class 11th are mentioned below. While preparing for the school exams only these topics need to be studied. It should be noted that this syllabus is only cut short for the current academic year.

Part- A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (30 marks)

Unit 1: Geography as a Discipline

  • Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes
  • Branches of Geography: Physical Geography

Unit 2: The Earth

  • Origin and evolution of the earth, interior of the earth
  • Wegener’s continental drift theory and plate tectonics
  • Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects

Unit 3: Landforms

  • Rocks- Major types of rocks and their characteristics
  • Geomorphic processes- Weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition, soil‐formation

Unit 4: Climate

  • Atmosphere‐ Composition and structure, elements of weather and climate
  • Insolation‐ Angle of incidence and distribution, heat budget of the earth‐ heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection), temperature‐ factors controlling temperature, distribution of temperature‐horizontal and vertical, inversion of temperature
  • Precipitation- Evaporation, condensation‐dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud, rainfall‐ types and world distribution

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

  • Movements of ocean water‐ Waves, tides and currents, submarine reliefs

Unit 6: Life on the Earth

  • Biosphere- Importance of plants and other organisms, biodiversity and conservation, ecosystem and ecological balance

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Map and diagram (05 marks)

  • Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline Physical/ Political map of the world

Part B: India Physical Environment (30 marks)

Unit 7: Introduction

  • Location, space relations, India’s place in the world

Unit 8: Physiography

  • Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, watershed, the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

  • Natural vegetation‐ Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves
  • Soils- Major types (ICAR’s classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation

Map and diagram (05 marks)

  • Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labeling on the outline Political/ Physical map of India

Part C: Practical Work (30 marks)

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps (10 marks)

  • Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix, Point, line, area data
  • Maps‐ Types
  • Scales‐ Types, construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance, finding direction and use of symbols

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (15 marks)

  • Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps), contour cross section and identification of landforms‐slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs, distribution of settlements
  • Aerial Photographs- Types and Geometry‐vertical aerial photographs, difference between maps and aerial photographs, photo scale determination, Identification of physical and cultural features
  • Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data‐acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital)
  • Use of weather instruments- Thermometer, wet and dry‐bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce (05 marks)

  • Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only
UP board class 11 Gepgraphy syllabus pdf 2022-2023

Class 11 Geography Syllabus for UP Board- Removed syllabus

Below given are the topics that have been removed from the Geography syllabus for class 11th. Candidates can leave these topics out if they are studying from the school exam point of view. However, these topics might be important for competitive exams.

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Unit 2: The Earth

  • Distribution of oceans and continents

Unit 3: Landforms

  • Landforms and their evolution

Unit 4: Climate

  • Pressure‐ pressure belts, winds‐ planetary, seasonal and local, air masses and fronts, tropical and extra tropical cyclones
  • World climates‐classification Köppen, Differences in parameter between Köppen and Thornthwaite, Global warming and climatic changes
  • Climate and Global Concerns

Unit 5: Water (Oceans)

  • Basics of Oceanography
  • Oceans- Distribution of temperature and salinity
  • Ocean resources and pollution

Part B: India Physical Environment

Unit 8: Physiography

  • Structure and Relief, Physiographic Divisions

Unit 9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil

  • Weather and climate- Spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal, use of weather charts, Climatic types (Köppen)

Unit 10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management

  • Complete unit

Part C: Practical Work

Unit 1: Fundamentals of Maps

  • Map projection‐ Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator’s projection (only two projections)
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