Assam Rifles – the Oldest Paramilitary Force in India

The Assam Rifles is the oldest paramilitary force in India. It was formed way back in the year 1835. However, the force got its present name of “Assam Rifles” in the year 1917.  This force is often called the Sentinels of the North – East. Over the period of time, Assam Rifles have served in numerous roles, conflicts, and theatres including World Wars. Assam Rifles also plays an instrumental role in maintaining law and order in the tribal Arunachal Pradesh. Go through this post to know more about Assam Rifles. Here, in this article, we are going to provide all the necessary details related to the Assam Rifles including its divisions, decorations, establishment, etc.

Assam Rifles at a glance

Those who want to gain basic information about the Assam Rifles may go through the following table.

Name of the force Assam Rifles
Abbreviation AR
Year of Formation 1835
Employees 63, 747 active personnel approximately
Headquarters Shillong, India
Ministry responsible Union Home Ministry, Government of India
Chief Lt. Gen. Pradeep Chandran Nair, AVSM, YSM, Director General
Parent Agency Indian Army
Official Website

Organizational Structure of the Assam Rifles

Broadly, we can classify the areas covered by Assam Rifles into the following sectors.

  • Assam Rifles North – Kohima, Nagaland
  • Sector 5 – Kohima, Nagaland
  • Sector 9 – Imphal, Manipur
  • Sector 10 – Ukhrul South, Manipur
  • Sector 26 – Thoubal, Manipur
  • Sector 27 – Churchandrapur, Manipur
  • Sector 28 – Thoubal, Manipur
  • Sector 6 – Dimapur, Nagaland
  • Sector 7 – Tuensang, Nagaland
  • Sector 25 – Lekhapani, Assam
  • Assam Rifles South – Imphal, Manipur
  • Assam Rifles East – Silchar, Assam
  • Sector 21 – Agartala, Tripura
  • Sector 22 – Haflong, Assam
  • Sector 23 – Aizwal, Mizoram
  • Assam Rifles Training Centre & School – Dimapur, Nagaland

Note: You should know that Assam Rifle is an elite force. It can also be deployed as per the requirement of the country.

How to join Assam Rifles?

One question that buzz across the minds of a lot of youngsters is how to join Assam Rifles as an officer or a soldier. To help candidates with this question, we are providing some important information related to the Assam Rifles Recruitment Process

Name of the post for which recruitment notifications are released by Assam Rifles.

  • Rifleman General Duty (GD)
  • Havildar Clerk
  • Rifleman Electrical Fitter Signal (EFS)
  • Warrant Officer Personal Assistant (PA)
  • Rifleman Lineman Field (LMN)
  • Warrant Officer Radio Mechanic (RM)
  • Rifleman Armourer
  • Rifleman Vehicle Mechanic (VM)
  • Rifleman Electrician Mechanic Vehicle (EMV)
  • Rifleman Washerman
  • Rifleman Safai
  • Rifleman Equipment & Boot Repairer
  • Rifleman Cook
  • Rifleman Barber
  • Rifleman Female Attendant
  • Havildar X-Ray Assistant
  • Warrant Officer Pharmacist
  • Rifleman Plumber
  • Rifleman Electrician

Age Limit

  • For Clerk, Personal Assistant, Radio Mechanic, Pharmacist post – 18 years to 25 years.
  • For All other posts – 18 years to 23 years.

Educational qualification

The educational qualification depends upon the post you are applying for.

  • For Soldier General Duty (GD) – Matriculation/ 10th class passed.
  • For Pharmacist – Candidates need to have a degree or diploma in Pharmacy.
  • Other Technical Rifleman – Aspirants should have Industrial Training Institute (ITI) in relevant trade from a recognized institute.
  • For Clerk – Aspirants should have completed Intermediate or Senior Secondary School Certificate (10+2) exam pass. Plus, they need to complete a skill test on a computer.
  • For Personal Assistant – Candidates need to clear intermediate or Senior Secondary School Certificate (10+2) exam. Trade (Skill) Test Norms on computer.

Selection Process

The selection process depends upon the post for which you are looking to apply. Some of the rounds involved in the selection process are as follows.

  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Written Test
  • Trade (Skill) Test
  • Detailed Documentation Verification
  • Detailed Medical Examination (DME)

How to apply for Assam Rifles?

Generally, the application form for Assam Rifles Rifleman posts releases in offline mode only. Those who are looking to apply may check the procedure given below.

  • First and foremost, you will have to download the application form from the official website.
  • After downloading the application form, you need to fill the same by entering your accurate details.
  • The details entered in the application form should be correct. Otherwise, the application form can get rejected.
  • After filling the application form, you need to affix your photograph and other documents with the form.
  • The duly filled application form should be sent to the following address.

“Directorate General Assam Rifles (Recruitment Branch),

Laitkor, Shillong,

Meghalaya – 793010”.

Military Decorations of Assam Rifles

Here is the list of the number of gallantry awards won by the personnel of the Assam Rifles over the period of time.

Pre – Independence Awards

  • Commander Of The Order Of British Empire (CBE) – 1
  • Member Of The Order Of British Empire (MBE) – 3
  • Companion of Order of the Indian Empire (CIE) – 2
  • Indian Order Of Merit (IOM) – 13
  • King’s Police Medal (KPM) – 11
  • Military Cross (MC) – 5
  • Order Of British India (OBI) – 6
  • Indian Distinguish Service Medal (IDSM) – 31
  • Military Medal (MM) – 25
  • British Empire Medal (BEM) – 7
  • Mentioned In Dispatches – 4

Post – Independence Awards

  • Ashoka Chakra – 4
  • Param Vishisht Seva Medal – 10
  • Kirti Chakra – 33
  • Uttam Yudh Seva Medal – 1
  • Ati Vishisht Seva Medal – 23
  • Vir Chakra – 5
  • Shaurya Chakra 147
  • Yudh Seva Medal 12
  • Sena Medal – 400
  • Vishisht Seva Medal – 97
  • Mentioned in dispatches – 39

Rank Structure in Assam Rifles

The rank structure of Assam Rifles is explained below.

  • Assistant Commandant – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Captain
  • Deputy Commandant – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Major
  • Second in Command – Equivalent to Lieutenant Colonel
  • Commandant – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Colonel
  • Deputy Inspector General – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Brigadier
  • Inspector General – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Major General
  • Direct General – Equivalent to Indian Army’s Lieutenant General


Question – 1: Where are the headquarters of the Assam Rifles located?

Answer: The headquarters of the Assam Rifles is located in Shillong, India.

Question – 2: Whom did the director-general of Assam Rifles reports to?

Answer: The director-general of the Assam Rifles (DGAR) reports to the Minister of Home Affairs.

Question – 3: Is the Assam Rifles and Assam Regiment the same thing?

Answer: No, Assam Regiment is the regiment of the Indian Army. On the other hand, Assam Rifles is the paramilitary force of India.

Question – 4: What is the annual budget of Assam Rifles?

Answer: As per an estimation, the annual budget of Assam Rifles is around ₹6,061.87 crore (US$849.9 million).

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Add a Comment
  1. Puneet

    How can we jion Assam Riffle as Group A officer while serving in it as soldier.

  2. karan garad

    havildar clerk ka kay kaam hota hai aur rank kya hoti hai

  3. Abhishek Kudale

    Personal assistant ka kya kam hota he unki rank kya hoti he our unki salary kitni hoto he

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