National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on 22 December by people all over India. The day marks the birth anniversary of the great Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan and also honors the significant contributions made by him to the field of mathematics. The day was introduced in 2012 by then-Prime Minister of India Dr. Manmohan Singh. This article provides interesting details related to National Mathematics Day 2023 such as its history, significance, celebration, and more.

**National Mathematics Day 2023 Overview**

Event | National Mathematics Day 2023 |

Date | December 22, 2023 |

Day | Friday |

Proposed by | Indian Government |

Observed by | India |

Purpose of celebration | To mark the birth anniversary of the great Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan and honor his significant contributions. |

Frequency | Annual |

**National Mathematics Day Upcoming Events**

Below mentioned are the upcoming dates for National Mathematics Day for the next 5 years.

Event | Date | Day |

National Mathematics Day 2023 | December 22, 2023 | Friday |

National Mathematics Day 2024 | December 22, 2024 | Sunday |

National Mathematics Day 2025 | December 22, 2025 | Monday |

National Mathematics Day 2026 | December 22, 2026 | Tuesday |

National Mathematics Day 2027 | December 22, 2027 | Wednesday |

**Significance of National Mathematics Day 2023**

Not only the National Mathematics Day celebrate the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan but also remembers the important contributions he made to mathematics. Other than this, the day also aims at spreading awareness about the importance of mathematics in our everyday life.

**About Srinivasa Ramanujan**

Srinivasa Ramanujan FRS was an Indian mathematician considered one of the greatest not just in India but all over the world. Without any formal training in mathematics Ramanujan was able to make crucial contributions to number theory, mathematical analysis, continued fractions, and infinite series. He is also credited with the solutions to many mathematical problems that were once considered unsolvable. During his short life, Ramanujan compiled nearly 3,900 results on his own including the Ramanujan prime, the Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae, and mock theta functions. Ramanujan was diagnosed with tuberculosis and a severe vitamin deficiency and in 1919, he returned to Madras Presidency where he died one year later. Although Ramanujan was only 32 years old at the time, he had already made his name in history as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

**History of the National Mathematics Day**

National Mathematics Day was introduced on 26 December 2011 by Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh at Madras University to mark the 125th birth anniversary of the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan. Thus, the first National Mathematics Day was held on December 22, 2012, and has been observed every year since then.

**Celebration of National Mathematics Day 2023**

National Mathematics Day in India is celebrated every year with various educational events held all across the country. Schools and universities throughout the country organize different quizzes, puzzle games, seminars, workshops, etc. related to mathematics. In 2017, on the occasion of National Mathematics Day, the Ramanujan Math Park was opened in Kuppam, in Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh. Individuals can take this day as an opportunity to learn the glorious history and contribution of Ramanujan and other great mathematicians of India. You can watch movies, read books, and encourage others, especially children, to learn more about this day and its significance.

**Interesting Facts Related to Mathematics**

Here are some interesting mathematics-related facts this National Mathematics Day:

- The number 1729 is known as the Hardy–Ramanujan number which is the smallest number expressible as the sum of two cubes in two different ways.
- The first numeral 0 was discovered by Hindu astronomer and mathematician Brahmagupta in 628.
- The number 4 can be spelled with the same number of letters as itself.
- The symbol for infinity, ∞, was invented back in 1655 by the English mathematician John Wallis.
- The number pi (3.14159…) is an irrational number and can never be written down as a finite decimal.
- The oldest known multiplication tables were used by the Babylonians about 4000 years ago.
- Pythagorean Theorem, first proved by the ancient Greeks in the 6th century BC, is the oldest surviving mathematical proof.
- Fibonacci numbers are known as “Nature’s Secret Code” as most flower petals or leaves correspond to Fibonacci numbers.
- The quadratic equation (ax
^{2}+ bx + c = 0) is the most famous equation in mathematics. - The number of possible combinations of a Rubik’s cube (43,252,003,274,489,856,000) is greater than the number of atoms in the universe.

**Frequently Asked Questions**

**When will be National Mathematics Day 2023 celebrated?**December 22, 2023

**Is there a national holiday observed on National Mathematics Day?**No, there is no holiday observed on National Mathematics Day.

**Is there any international celebration of the Day of Mathematics?**Yes. It is observed every year on 14 March.

**When is Pi Day celebrated?**14 March as it contains the numerals 3,1 & 4 all corresponding to the value of pi (3.24).

**When was Srinivasa Ramanujan born?**22 December 1887

**Who is considered the father of mathematics in India?**Aryabhatta

**Who is known as the mother of Mathematics?**Amalie Emmy Noether