Republic Day 2023: Chief Guest (1950-2023), Traffic Update, Parade Timing

Republic Day 2023 will be observed on January 26 as 74th republic day of India. Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is the chief guest of Republic Day celebrations in 2023.

republic day PM Narendra Modi

The theme of Republic Day 2023 celebration is “Jan Bhagidari (participation of the common people)”. Republic Day is celebrated in India to commemorate the day the Indian Constitution came into force. The Constitution of India was signed on 26th January 1950 and from that day onward, every year 26th January is celebrated as Republic Day of India.

Celebrations are carried out on this day in form of parade, tableau and beating retreat ceremony which lasts for three days. This day is celebrated as national holiday in India and it marks the beginning of a new India that is a true democratic and republic country. In the year 2023, India will celebrate its 74th Republic Day. Let us know more about this day like Republic Day 2023 Celebration, Republic Day History, etc from this article.

Traffic Update: There will be certain traffic restrictions in Delhi from 25th January 2023 onward. Have a look at the latest traffic advisory released by Delhi Traffic Police:

Republic Day 2023 Traffic Advisory

74th Republic Day 2023 Highlights

Republic Day Parade 2023 Time Starts at 10.30 AM
Parade Route Vijay Chowk to Red Fort
Who will be the chief guest? Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
Who are allowed in parade? As per the guidelines.

Republic Day 2023 Ticket Booking

You can book your ticket in both online as well as offline mode to watch republic day celebration. Ticket bookings are open till January 24, 2023. It is possible to book up to 10 tickets from one device.

Online Portal to Book Ticket:

Offline mode: At booths and counters set up by the Ministry of Defence across the national capital. 

Here is the online process to book your republic day 2023 ticket:

Step 1: Visit the website- and click the link “Don’t have an Account?  Sign Up for Buying tickets”

Step 2: A sign up page would appear on the screen-

republic day ticket booking

Enter details like your name, father’s or husband’s name, dob, mobile number and permanent address.

Step 3: In the next page, you need to choose the event- Republic Day Parade, FDR-Republic Day Parade, Rehearsal-Beating The Retreat, Beating The Retreat Ceremony, Beating The Retreat – FDR.

Step 4: Make payment and download your ticket.

Holiday on Republic Day

Republic Day is a gazetted holiday in India and all offices and institutions like banks, schools, colleges remain close on this day. Irrespective of the state or region of the country, Republic Day holiday is to be observed every year on 26th of January.

Republic Day History

After India got its independence in 1947, a need was felt for the country to have its own constitution. A committee was set for drafting a permanent constitution, with Dr Bhim Rao Ambedkar as its chairman. The committee prepared a draft constitution and submitted to the Constituent Assembly which adopted the Constitution.

After making some modifications, in the draft, the final constitution came into effect on 26th January 1950. On the very day, Dr. Rajendra Prasad began his first term of office as the President of India.

26 जनवरीजिस दिन लागू किया गया था भारत का संविधानआखिर इसी दिन को क्यों चुना गया था?

26 जनवरी  अर्थात गणतंत्र दिवस, जो कि भारत का एक काफी महत्वपूर्ण दिन होता है। इस दिन के विशेष होने का कारण यही है कि इस दिन भारत का संविधान लागू किया गया था। इस दिन से कुछ सवाल जुड़े हुए हैं कि आखिर इसी दिन भारत का संविधान लागू क्यों किया गया था;  तो आइए आपको इसके कुछ कारण बताते हैं।

जैसे कि सभी को पता है कि 15 अगस्त 1947 को भारत देश आजाद हो गया था। जिस समय देश आजाद हुआ था उस समय देश का कोई भी संविधान नहीं था इसलिए यह काफी महत्वपूर्ण था कि भारत के लिए एक संविधान तैयार किया जाए ताकि देश के सारे कानून उसी के अनुसार चलें।

संविधान लागू होने से पहले भारत की जितनी भी शासन व्यवस्था थी वह सारी अधिनियम 1935 पर आधारित थी; परंतु देश को एक ऐसी शासन व्यवस्था चाहिए थी जो कि वर्तमान स्थिति के अनुसार अनुकूल हो और सभी राज्य उसी व्यवस्था के अनुसार चल पाए। इसीलिए, 29 अगस्त, 1947 को डॉ बी आर अंबेडकर के नेतृत्व में एक कमेटी का गठन किया गया; विशेष रूप से  संविधान को लिखित रूप में अंजाम देने के लिए डॉक्टर बी आर अंबेडकर को सारी जिम्मेदारी सौंपी गई। 26 नवंबर, 1949 को लिखित संविधान भारत के राष्ट्रपति डॉ राजेंद्र प्रसाद को सौंप दिया गया। 26 जनवरी, 1949 के ही दिन लाहौर में कांग्रेस का अधिवेशन हुआ था और पहली बार भारत को पूर्ण गणराज्य के रूप में पेश करने का प्रस्ताव रथा गया था अर्थात भारतीय नेताओं ने अपना मत बदल कर पूरी तरह से स्वराज्य की मांग कर ली थी जबकि ब्रिटिश हुक्मरान ने इस प्रस्ताव को ठुकरा दिया था।

जैसे ही भारत को आजादी मिली एवं पाकिस्तान भारत से अलग हो गया; तभी 26 जनवरी 1950 के दिन भारतीय संविधान को लागू करके भारत को एक पूरी तरह से गणतंत्र जब राज्य के रूप में पेश कर दिया गया था अर्थात भारत का एक संविधान तैयार होने के पश्चात लागू कर दिया गया था, जो कि पूरे भारत में माननीय था।

Republic Day Celebration

Main celebration of Republic day is held in the national capital, New Delhi, where parades are carried out. The parade is followed by a march from several regiments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, along with their bands. After that, many state carries out their own procession showcasing the beauty of its culture and rich heritage. The celebration ends with beating retreat is conducted on the evening of 29 January, the third day after the Republic Day. Awards are also distributed to the best marching contingents and best three tableaux.

Parade- The parade starts from the gate of Rashtrapati Bhawan along the Rajpath, up to India Gate and from there to Red Fort. In addition to the Navy, and Air Force, around nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army with their bands take part in this parade. The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute from these regiments. The parade is carried out to showcase the Defence capability of the country.

Tableaux- Processions are carried out by different states whose proposals are selected by the Ministry of Defence. In tableaux, a group of models or motionless figures represents a scene from a history or any story related to a particular state. Selected states carry out processions that represent best their history, cultural heritage, environment and development.

Beating retreat- The Indian Beating Retreat ceremony marks the official ending of Republic Day celebration. It is carried out on the evening of the third day after Republic Day, i.e., on 29th January. Bands of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force conducts the Beating Retreat. The President of India is the Chief Guest of the ceremony who gives the National Salute followed by playing of the Indian National Anthem.

Celebrations are also carried out at schools on Republic Day and children take part in plays and parades. Sweets and candies are distributed among the children and their classes are suspended for the day. Colleges, offices, banks, post offices, etc remain closed on Republic Day.

Check: Republic Day Wallpaper

Award Distribution Ceremony Republic Day

Every year on Republic Day, Padma Awards are given by the president of India to the selected civilians for their bravery and distinguished service. The awards are classified into three different categories in decreasing order of importance and are as follows:

  1. Padma Vibhushan is the second highest civilian award in India and is awarded for exceptional and distinguished service to the civilians.
  2. Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian award in India and is awarded for distinguished service of a high order to the civilians.
  3. Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in India and is awarded for distinguished service to the civilians.

All Chief Guests List (1950-2023) at the Republic Day Parade

Year Chief Guest at Republic Day Parade
2023 Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi
2022 No chief guest
2021 UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson (his visit was cancelled due to covid)
2020 Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro
2019 South Africa President Cyril Ramaphosa
2018 Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, Brunei


Joko Widodo, Indonesia

Thongloun Sisoulith, Laos

Prime Minister Hun Sen, Cambodia

Najib Razak, Malaysia

President Htin Kyaw, Myanmar

Rodrigo Roa Duterte, Philippines

Halimah Yacob, Singapore

Prayuth Chan-ocha, Thailand

Nguyễn Xuân Phúc, Vietnam

2017 United Arab Emirates Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed
2016 France President François Hollande
2015 US President Barack Obama
2014 Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe
2013 King of Bhutan Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
2012 Thailand Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra
2011 Indonesia President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
2010 Republic of Korea  President Lee Myung Bak
2009 Kazakhstan  President Nursultan Nazarbayev
2008 France President Nicolas Sarkozy
2007 Russia President Vladimir Putin
2006 Saudi Arabia King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud[
2005 Bhutan King Jigme Singye Wangchuck
2004 Brazil President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
2003 Iran President Mohammed Khatami
2002 Mauritius President Cassam Uteem
2001 Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika
2000 Nigeria President Olusegun Obasanjo
1999 Nepal King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev
1998 France President Jacques Chirac
1997 Trinidad and Tobago Prime Minister Basdeo Panday
1996 Brazil President Dr. Fernando Henrique Cardoso
1995 South Africa President Nelson Mandela
1994 Singapore Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong
1993 United Kingdom Prime Minister John Major
1992 Portugal President Mário Soares
1991 Maldives President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom
1990 Mauritius Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth
1989 Viet Nam General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh
1988 Sri Lanka President Junius Jayewardene
1987 Peru President Alan García
1986 Greece Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou
1985 Argentina President Raúl Alfonsín
1984 Bhutan King Jigme Singye Wangchuck
1983 Nigeria President Shehu Shagari
1982 Spain King Juan Carlos I
1981 Mexico President José López Portillo
1980 France President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing
1979 Australia Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser
1978 Ireland President Patrick Hillery
1977 Poland First Secretary Edward Gierek
1976 France Prime Minister Jacques Chirac
1975 Zambia President Kenneth Kaunda
1974 SFR Yugoslavia President Josip Broz Tito
  Sri Lanka Prime Minister Sirimavo Ratwatte Dias Bandaranaike
1973 Zaire President Mobutu Sese Seko
1972 Mauritius Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam
1971 Tanzania President Julius Nyerere
1970 Belgium King of the Belgians Baudouin
1969 Bulgaria Prime Minister of Bulgaria Todor Zhivkov
1968 USSR Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin
  SFR Yugoslavia President Josip Broz Tito
1967 Afghanistan King Mohammed Zahir Shah
1966 No invitation was sent
1965 Pakistan Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid
1964 United Kingdom Chief of Defence Staff Lord Louis Mountbatten
1963 Cambodia King Norodom Sihanouk
1962 Denmark Prime Minister Viggo Kampmann
1961 United Kingdom Queen Elizabeth II
1960 USSR President Kliment Voroshilov
1959 United Kingdom Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip
1958 China Marshall Ye Jianying
1957 Soviet Union Minister of Defence Georgy Zhukov
1956 United Kingdom Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. Butler


Japan Chief Justice Kotaro Tanaka

1955 Pakistan  Governor-General Malik Ghulam Muhammad
1954 Bhutan King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck
1953 No invitation was sent
1952 No invitation was sent
1951 Nepal King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah
1950 Indonesia President Sukarno


What is the theme of 74th Republic Day 2023?

“Jan Bhagidari (participation of the common people)”

When will Republic Day 2023 parade start?

It will start at 10.00AM.

Are children allowed at the parade venue?

Children who are below 15 years of age are not allowed at the parade venue. (this is last year’s guideline). The guideline for children is yet to be issued for republic day 2023.

Who will be the chief guest of Republic day 2023?

Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

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