CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2023-24: Updated Syllabus Download PDF

Mathematics is a high scoring subject that can help the students in securing a good percentage in their class 10th board exam. However, Mathematics as a subject requires a lot of hard work and practice as well. To start preparing for the mathematics exam, the students must be familiar with the CBSE Class 10 syllabus 2023. The mathematics syllabus of class 10th includes various units like algebra, number system, coordinate geometry, etc. CBSE has resumed conducting class 10 exam in single term and the latest syllabus is now available.

The candidates going to appear for the CBSE class 10th board exam should note that the board has different syllabus for internal assessment and theory exam. Complete details regarding the CBSE Class 10 Mathematics syllabus 2023-24 is mentioned in the post below.

CBSE 10th Class syllabus for Mathematics 2023-24 (Updated)

Before we discuss the topics of the CBSE syllabus for class 10 Math you should have a look at the unit-wise marking structure of the Mathematics subject as given below.

Unit Name Marks
Number Systems 6 marks
Algebra 20 marks
Coordinate Geometry 6 marks
Geometry 15 marks
Trigonometry 12 marks
Mensuration 10 marks
Statistics & Probability 11 marks
Total 80 marks
Internal Assessment 20 marks
Total 100 marks

CBSE Class 10 Maths New Syllabus 2023-24

UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS

1. REAL NUMBER (15) Periods

Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – statements after reviewing work done earlier and after illustrating and motivating through examples, Proofs of irrationality of

UNIT II: ALGEBRA

1. POLYNOMIALS (8) Periods

Zeros of a polynomial. Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials.

2. PAIR OF LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLES (15) Periods

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their
solution, consistency/inconsistency.
Algebraic conditions for number of solutions. Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically – by substitution, by elimination. Simple situational problems.

3. QUADRATIC EQUATIONS (15) Periods

Standard form of a quadratic equation ax2 + bx + c = 0, (a ≠ 0). Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula. Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots.
Situational problems based on quadratic equations related to day to day activities to be incorporated.

4. ARITHMETIC PROGRESSIONS (10) Periods

Motivation for studying Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems.

UNIT III: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

Coordinate Geometry (15) Periods

Review: Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations. Distance formula.

Section formula (internal division).

UNIT IV: GEOMETRY

1. TRIANGLES (15) Periods

Definitions, examples, counter examples of similar triangles.
1. (Prove) If a line is drawn parallel to one side of a triangle to intersect the other two
sides in distinct points, the other two sides are divided in the same ratio.

2. (Motivate) If a line divides two sides of a triangle in the same ratio, the line is parallel
to the third side.

3. (Motivate) If in two triangles, the corresponding angles are equal, their corresponding
sides are proportional and the triangles are similar.

4. (Motivate) If the corresponding sides of two triangles are proportional, their
corresponding angles are equal and the two triangles are similar.

5. (Motivate) If one angle of a triangle is equal to one angle of another triangle and the
sides including these angles are proportional, the two triangles are similar.

2. CIRCLES (10) Periods

Tangent to a circle at, point of contact
1. (Prove) The tangent at any point of a circle is perpendicular to the radius through the
point of contact.

2. (Prove) The lengths of tangents drawn from an external point to a circle are equal.

UNIT V: TRIGONOMETRY

1. INTRODUCTION TO TRIGONOMETRY (10) Periods

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle. Proof of their
existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0o and 90o. Values of the trigonometric ratios of 300, 450 and 600. Relationships between the ratios.

2. TRIGONOMETRIC IDENTITIES (15) Periods

Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1. Only simple identities to be given.
3. HEIGHTS AND DISTANCES: Angle of elevation, Angle of Depression. (10)Periods
Simple problems on heights and distances. Problems should not involve more than two right triangles. Angles of elevation / depression should be only 30°, 45°, and 60°.

UNIT VI: MENSURATION

1. AREAS RELATED TO CIRCLES (12) Periods

Area of sectors and segments of a circle. Problems based on areas and perimeter /circumference of the above said plane figures. (In calculating area of segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only.

2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMES (12) Periods
Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres and right circular cylinders/cones.

UNIT VII: STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

1. STATISTICS (18) Periods
Mean, median and mode of grouped data (bimodal situation to be avoided).

2. PROBABILITY (10) Periods

Classical definition of probability. Simple problems on finding the probability of an event.

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

  • Pen Paper Test and Multiple Assessment (5+5): 10 marks
  • Portfolio: 5 marks
  • Lab Practical (Lab activities to be done from the prescribed books): 5 marks

PRESCRIBED BOOKS

1. Mathematics – Textbook for class IX – NCERT Publication

2. Mathematics – Textbook for class X – NCERT Publication

3. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class IX – CBSE Publication

4. Guidelines for Mathematics Laboratory in Schools, class X – CBSE Publication

5. Laboratory Manual – Mathematics, secondary stage – NCERT Publication

6. Mathematics exemplar problems for class IX, NCERT publication.

7. Mathematics exemplar problems for class X, NCERT publication

CBSE Class 10th Maths Syllabus 2023: Download PDF

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus

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52 thoughts on “CBSE Class 10 Mathematics Syllabus 2023-24: Updated Syllabus Download PDF”

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      Reply
    • Basic and standard are having same syllabus only search about the syllabus of 2022-23
      Thanks you

      Reply
  1. Sir,
    It is to bring to your kind notice that The syllabus of xth class BASIC MATHS-2023 is not available. The students are studying same maths.That does not differ from standard maths while this must be differed from standard maths.

    Reply
    • Sir,
      Please send the Basic Maths Syllabus as soon as possible. Because Basic Maths Syllabus must be differed from Standard Maths.
      Thank you

      Reply
    • Hi, if you are studying in the session 2021-22 , then your syllabus not being reduced…so you should continue study …

      Reply
    • We have updated the full Mathematics syllabus for the year 2021-2022 here in this article. Please review.

      Reply

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