Historical Monuments in India – Known the list of Historical Monuments in India including the list of World Heritage Sites in India

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Historical Monuments in a country are very important. They not only represent the tradition and culture of that country but also generate good revenue through tourism. India is lucky to have numerous breath-taking Historical Monuments including the Taj Mahal. Apart from the Taj Mahal, India has numerous iconic structures, forts, sanctuaries, and royal residences. In today’s post, we will talk about these historical monuments in India.

You should know that there are around 40 World Heritage Sites in India out of which many are important Historical Monuments. Go through this post to find the list of Historical Monuments in India.

List of Historical Monuments in India 2022

As per the latest trends, it is observed by UPSC is asking multiple questions regarding Historical Monuments in India. So, Candidates preparing for IAS, PCS, or other civil services examinations should know about these monuments.

Telangana
Historical Monument Place Built by whom and when
Golconda Fort Hyderabad Kakatiyas in the year 1143
Qutb Shahi Tombs Ibrahim Bagh, Hyderabad 16th and 17th Centuries by Qutub Shahi Dynasty
Charminar Hyderabad 1591 by  Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah
Taramati Baradari Hyderabad 1880s by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah
Delhi (World Heritage City)
Historical Monument Place Built by whom and when
Humayun’s Tomb Delhi Hameeda Bano Beghum (wife of Humayun) in 1570
Firoz shah Kotla Hauz Khas Firoz Shah Tughlaq in 1354
Jama Masjid Delhi Shahjahana in 1656
Jantar Mantar Delhi Sawai Jay Singh in 1729
India Gate New Delhi Edwin Lutyens (Architect) in 1931
Khirki Masjid Delhi Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in 1354
Laxmi Narayan Temple Delhi Birla Family in 1939
Moti Masjid Delhi Aurangzeb in 1655
Old Fort

(Purana Quila)

Delhi Sher Shah Suri in 16th Century
President’s House Delhi British Government in 1912
Qutub Minar Delhi Qutub ud din Aibak in 1198
Red Fort Delhi Shahjehan (1639 AD)
Safdar Jung Tomb Delhi Shuja ud daulah

(1754 AD)

Tughlakabad Fort Delhi Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq in 1321
Bihar
Ancient Remains Vaishali
Gol Ghar Patna British Government in 1786
Harmandir Sahib Patna Maharaja RanjitSingh in 1666
Padari Ki Haveli Patna Father Capuchin in 1713
Pathar Ki Masjid Patna Pervez Shah in 1621
Nalanda University Bihar Kumargupta I in 5th Century
Sher Shah’s Tomb Sasaram Sher Shah’s son in 1545 AD
Site of Mauryan Palace Kumrahar Patna
Vishnupad Temple Gaya Rani Ahilya Bai in 1787
Maharashtra
Aga Khan Palace Pune In 1892 by Sultan Mohammed Shah,
Ajanta Caves Aurangabad Gupta Rulers in 4 to 10th century
Bibi Ka Maqbara Aurangabad Aurangzeb in 1661
Daulatabad Fort Daulatabad Yadava Dynasty in 1187
Elephanta Caves Gharapuri Mumbai Rashtrakuta rulers (5 to 9th century)
Ellora Caves Aurangabad Rashtrakuta rulers

(6-10th century)

Gateway of India Mumbai British Government

In 20th century

Hirakata Old Fort Alibagh
Kanheri Caves Mumbai Buddhist
Pandavleni Caves Shahada Queen Gotami Balasari
Prince of Wales Museum Mumbai George V
Raigad Fort Raigad Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1030
Shaniwarwada Pune
Rajasthan
Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra Ajmer Qutubuddin Aibak 1199
Bharatpur Fort Bharatpur Raja Surajmal Singh in1722
Ajmer Sharif Dargah Ajmer Sultan Shyasuddin in 1236
Dilwara Jain Temple Mount Abu Siddharaja in 1582
Hawa Mahal Jaipur Maharaja Pratap Singh in 1799
Jaigarh Fort Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh in 1658
Jodhpur Fort Jodhpur Rao Jodha in 1459
Nahargarh Fort Jaipur Sawai Jai Singh in 1734
Vijaya Stambha Chittorgarh Maharana Kumbha in 1448
Uttar Pradesh
Agra Fort Agra Akbar in 1573
Akbar’s Tomb Sikandra Jahangir in 1613
Anand Bhawan Allahabad Motilal Nehru in 1930
Aram Bagh Agra Babur in 1528
Bada Imambara Lucknow Asaf-ud-daula in 1784
Chhota Imambara Lucknow Muhammad Ali Shah in 1838
Deewan-E- Khas Agra Fort Shahjahan
Fatehpur Sikri Agra Akbar in 1571
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-Daula Agra Nurjahan in 1628
Jama Masjid Agra Shahjahan in 1648
Moti Masjid Agra Shahjahan in 1655
Sati Burj Mathura Raja Bhagwan Das in 1570
Shish Mahal Agra Shahjahan in 1653
Taj Mahal Agra Shahjahan in 1631
Tamil Nadu
Brihadeshwara Tanjore Rajaraja chola I in 1010
Kailasanathar Temple Kanchipuram NarasimhavarmanII in 685-705 AD
Rock cut temple Mamallapuram Mahendravarman-I in 8th Century
St. George Fort Chennai East India Company in 1644
Shore temple Mamallapuram NarasimhavarmanII in 8th Century
Punjab
Swarna Mandir (Golden Temple) Amritsar Guru Ramdas in 1577
Odisha
Ashoka rock inscription Jaugada Pandya Ashoka in 3rd Century
Jagannath Temple Puri Chola Gang Dev in 1161
Linagraj Temple Bhubaneswar Jajati keshari in 11th Century
Sun Temple Konark Narasingh Dev I in 1250
Karnataka
Gol Gumbaz Bijpur Yaqut of Dabul in 1656
Jammu and Kashmir
Charar-E-Sharif Budgam Zainul Abedin in 1460
Nishat Garden Srinagar Asaf Ali in 1633
Shalimar Garden Srinagar Jahangir in 1619
West Bengal
Shantiniketan West Bengal Rabindaranath Tagore in 1901
Belur Math Kolkata Swami Vivekananda in 1938
Victoria Memorial Kolkata British Government in 1921

Frequently Asked Questions

Question – 1: Which department holds the responsibility of maintaining old monuments and historical buildings in India?

Answer: The National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Ministry of Culture holds the responsibility of protecting and preserving historical sites and structures in India. On the other hand, the Archaeological Survey of India maintains the ancient monuments and archaeological sites.

Question – 2: Who built Qutub Minar in Delhi?

Answer: The construction of Qutub Minar in Delhi was started by Qutub ud din Aibak. However, the construction was completed by illtutmish.

Question – 3: Who was Mir Muhammed Khan, the person who built the tomb of Sher Shah Suri?

Answer: Mir Muhammed Khan was an Architect in Sher Shah Suri’s Court.

Question – 4: Which garden in Jammu and Kashmir was built by Jahangir?

Answer: Shalimar Garden in Srinagar was built by Jahangir in Jammu and Kashmir.


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