Historical Monuments in India Full List


Historical Monuments in a country are very important. They not only represent the tradition and culture of that country but also generate good revenue through tourism. India is lucky to have numerous breath-taking Historical Monuments including the Taj Mahal. Apart from the Taj Mahal, India has numerous iconic structures, forts, sanctuaries, and royal residences. In today’s post, we will talk about these historical monuments in India.

You should know that there are around 40 World Heritage Sites in India out of which many are important Historical Monuments. Go through this post to find the list of Historical Monuments in India.

Latest News: Tunnath temple of Uttarakhand has been added in the list of national monument.

List of Historical Monuments in India 2023

As per the latest trends, it is observed by UPSC is asking multiple questions regarding Historical Monuments in India. So, Candidates preparing for IAS, PCS, or other civil services examinations should know about these monuments.

Telangana
Historical MonumentPlaceBuilt by whom and when
Golconda FortHyderabadKakatiyas in the year 1143
Qutb Shahi TombsIbrahim Bagh, Hyderabad16th and 17th Centuries by Qutub Shahi Dynasty
CharminarHyderabad1591 by  Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah
Taramati BaradariHyderabad1880s by Ibrahim Quli Qutub Shah
Delhi (World Heritage City)
Historical MonumentPlaceBuilt by whom and when
Humayun’s TombDelhiHameeda Bano Beghum (wife of Humayun) in 1570
Firoz shah KotlaHauz KhasFiroz Shah Tughlaq in 1354
Jama MasjidDelhiShahjahana in 1656
Jantar MantarDelhiSawai Jay Singh in 1729
India GateNew DelhiEdwin Lutyens (Architect) in 1931
Khirki MasjidDelhiGhiyasuddin Tughlaq in 1354
Laxmi Narayan TempleDelhiBirla Family in 1939
Moti MasjidDelhiAurangzeb in 1655
Old Fort

 

(Purana Quila)

DelhiSher Shah Suri in 16th Century
President’s HouseDelhiBritish Government in 1912
Qutub MinarDelhiQutub ud din Aibak in 1198
Red FortDelhiShahjehan (1639 AD)
Safdar Jung TombDelhiShuja ud daulah

 

(1754 AD)

Tughlakabad FortDelhiGhiyasuddin Tughlaq in 1321
Bihar
Ancient RemainsVaishali
Gol GharPatnaBritish Government in 1786
Harmandir SahibPatnaMaharaja RanjitSingh in 1666
Padari Ki HaveliPatnaFather Capuchin in 1713
Pathar Ki MasjidPatnaPervez Shah in 1621
Nalanda UniversityBiharKumargupta I in 5th Century
Sher Shah’s TombSasaramSher Shah’s son in 1545 AD
Site of Mauryan PalaceKumrahar Patna
Vishnupad TempleGayaRani Ahilya Bai in 1787
Maharashtra
Aga Khan PalacePuneIn 1892 by Sultan Mohammed Shah,
Ajanta CavesAurangabadGupta Rulers in 4 to 10th century
Bibi Ka MaqbaraAurangabadAurangzeb in 1661
Daulatabad FortDaulatabadYadava Dynasty in 1187
Elephanta CavesGharapuri MumbaiRashtrakuta rulers (5 to 9th century)
Ellora CavesAurangabadRashtrakuta rulers

 

(6-10th century)

Gateway of IndiaMumbaiBritish Government

 

In 20th century

Hirakata Old FortAlibagh
Kanheri CavesMumbaiBuddhist
Pandavleni CavesShahadaQueen Gotami Balasari
Prince of Wales MuseumMumbaiGeorge V
Raigad FortRaigadChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in 1030
ShaniwarwadaPune
Rajasthan
Adhai Din Ka JhonpraAjmerQutubuddin Aibak 1199
Bharatpur FortBharatpurRaja Surajmal Singh in1722
Ajmer Sharif DargahAjmerSultan Shyasuddin in 1236
Dilwara Jain TempleMount AbuSiddharaja in 1582
Hawa MahalJaipurMaharaja Pratap Singh in 1799
Jaigarh FortJaipurSawai Jai Singh in 1658
Jodhpur FortJodhpurRao Jodha in 1459
Nahargarh FortJaipurSawai Jai Singh in 1734
Vijaya StambhaChittorgarhMaharana Kumbha in 1448
Uttar Pradesh
Agra FortAgraAkbar in 1573
Akbar’s TombSikandraJahangir in 1613
Anand BhawanAllahabadMotilal Nehru in 1930
Aram BaghAgraBabur in 1528
Bada ImambaraLucknowAsaf-ud-daula in 1784
Chhota ImambaraLucknowMuhammad Ali Shah in 1838
Deewan-E- KhasAgra FortShahjahan
Fatehpur SikriAgraAkbar in 1571
Tomb of Itmad-Ud-DaulaAgraNurjahan in 1628
Jama MasjidAgraShahjahan in 1648
Moti MasjidAgraShahjahan in 1655
Sati BurjMathuraRaja Bhagwan Das in 1570
Shish MahalAgraShahjahan in 1653
Taj MahalAgraShahjahan in 1631
Tamil Nadu
BrihadeshwaraTanjoreRajaraja chola I in 1010
Kailasanathar TempleKanchipuramNarasimhavarmanII in 685-705 AD
Rock cut templeMamallapuramMahendravarman-I in 8th Century
St. George FortChennaiEast India Company in 1644
Shore templeMamallapuramNarasimhavarmanII in 8th Century
Punjab
Swarna Mandir (Golden Temple)AmritsarGuru Ramdas in 1577
Odisha
Ashoka rock inscriptionJaugada PandyaAshoka in 3rd Century
Jagannath TemplePuriChola Gang Dev in 1161
Linagraj TempleBhubaneswarJajati keshari in 11th Century
Sun TempleKonarkNarasingh Dev I in 1250
Karnataka
Gol GumbazBijpurYaqut of Dabul in 1656
Jammu and Kashmir
Charar-E-SharifBudgamZainul Abedin in 1460
Nishat GardenSrinagarAsaf Ali in 1633
Shalimar GardenSrinagarJahangir in 1619
West Bengal
ShantiniketanWest BengalRabindaranath Tagore in 1901
Belur MathKolkataSwami Vivekananda in 1938
Victoria MemorialKolkataBritish Government in 1921
Uttarakhand
Tungnath templeUttarakhandPandavas

Frequently Asked Questions

Which department holds the responsibility of maintaining old monuments and historical buildings in India?

The National Monuments Authority (NMA) under the Ministry of Culture holds the responsibility of protecting and preserving historical sites and structures in India. On the other hand, the Archaeological Survey of India maintains the ancient monuments and archaeological sites.

Who built Qutub Minar in Delhi?

The construction of Qutub Minar in Delhi was started by Qutub ud din Aibak. However, the construction was completed by illtutmish.

Who was Mir Muhammed Khan, the person who built the tomb of Sher Shah Suri?

Mir Muhammed Khan was an Architect in Sher Shah Suri’s Court.

Which garden in Jammu and Kashmir was built by Jahangir?

Shalimar Garden in Srinagar was built by Jahangir in Jammu and Kashmir.


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